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dc.contributor.authorReilly, Colinen_UK
dc.contributor.authorCostley, Traceyen_UK
dc.contributor.authorGibson, Hannahen_UK
dc.contributor.authorKula, Nancy Cen_UK
dc.description.abstractGlobalisation is increasingly affecting universities worldwide. In African contexts, language policies exhibit an inheritance situation in which countries continue to implement policies which favour colonial languages in education. This paper investigates the Malawian higher education context and the ways in which staff engage with multilingualism. It examines the implementation of language policies by staff in their classrooms and explores the attitudes of staff members towards the current monolingual language policy and practices in higher education in the country. The paper draws on a 4-month ethnography carried out in eight Malawian universities. Findings indicate that the language ‘rules’ imposed by staff are highly variable and that diverse language ‘policies’ are implemented and enforced by staff, some of whom operate strictly monolingual approaches while others adopt multilingual approaches. Staff display a range of attitudes towards multilingualism, influenced by competing pressures of ensuring students comprehend the subject matter while also seeking to improve their English skills against the broader backdrop of language practices and expectations in the country.en_UK
dc.publisherInforma UK Limiteden_UK
dc.relationReilly C, Costley T, Gibson H & Kula NC (2024) The multilingual university: language ideology, hidden policies and language practices in Malawian universities. <i>Language, Culture and Curriculum</i>.
dc.rights© 2024 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives License (, which permits non-commercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, and is not altered, transformed, or built upon in any way. The terms on which this article has been published allow the posting of the Accepted Manuscript in a repository by the author(s) or with their consent.en_UK
dc.subjectLanguage policyen_UK
dc.subjectlinguistic ethnographyen_UK
dc.subjectteaching practicesen_UK
dc.subjecthigher educationen_UK
dc.titleThe multilingual university: language ideology, hidden policies and language practices in Malawian universitiesen_UK
dc.typeJournal Articleen_UK
dc.citation.jtitleLanguage, Culture and Curriculumen_UK
dc.type.statusVoR - Version of Recorden_UK
dc.contributor.funderThe Carnegie Trusten_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationEnglish Studiesen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Essexen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Essexen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Essexen_UK
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Reviewen_UK
local.rioxx.authorReilly, Colin|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorCostley, Tracey|0000-0001-8357-3960en_UK
local.rioxx.authorGibson, Hannah|0000-0003-2324-3147en_UK
local.rioxx.authorKula, Nancy C|0000-0002-8323-2573en_UK
local.rioxx.projectProject ID unknown|The Carnegie Trust|en_UK
local.rioxx.filenameThe multilingual university language ideology hidden policies and language practices in Malawian universities.pdfen_UK
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