Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Health Sciences and Sport Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Is Low-Volume High-Intensity Interval Training a Time-Efficient Strategy to Improve Cardiometabolic Health and Body Composition? A Meta-Analysis
Author(s): Yin, Mingyue
Li, Hansen
Bai, Mingyang
Liu, Hengxian
Chen, Zhili
Deng, Jianfeng
Deng, Shengji
Meng, Chuan
Vollaard, Niels B J
Little, Jonathan P
Li, Yongming
Contact Email:
Keywords: Physiology (medical)
Nutrition and Dietetics
General Medicine
Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
Issue Date: 8-Nov-2023
Date Deposited: 15-Nov-2023
Citation: Yin M, Li H, Bai M, Liu H, Chen Z, Deng J, Deng S, Meng C, Vollaard NBJ, Little JP & Li Y (2023) Is Low-Volume High-Intensity Interval Training a Time-Efficient Strategy to Improve Cardiometabolic Health and Body Composition? A Meta-Analysis. <i>Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism</i>.
Abstract: The present meta-analysis aimed to assess the effects of low-volume high-intensity interval training (LV-HIIT; i.e., ≤5 min high-intensity exercise within a ≤15-min session) on cardiometabolic health and body composition. A systematic search was performed in accordance with PRISMA guidelines to assess the effect of LV-HIIT on cardiometabolic health and body composition. Twenty-one studies (moderate to high quality) with a total of 849 participants were included in this meta-analysis. LV-HIIT increased cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF, SMD=1.19 [0.87, 1.50]) while lowering systolic blood pressure (SMD=-1.44 [-1.68, -1.20]), diastolic blood pressure (SMD=-1.51 [-1.75, -1.27]), mean arterial pressure (SMD=-1.55 [-1.80, -1.30]), MetS z-score (SMD=-0.76 [-1.02, -0.49]), fat mass (kg) (SMD=-0.22 [-0.44, 0.00]), fat mass (%) (SMD=-0.22 [-0.41, -0.02]), and waist circumference (SMD= -0.53 [-0.75, -0.31]) compared to untrained control (CONTROL). Despite a total time-commitment of LV-HIIT of only 14-47% and 45-94% compared to moderate-intensity continuous training and HV-HIIT, respectively, there were no statistically significant differences observed for any outcomes in comparisons between LV-HIIT and moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT) or high-volume HIIT. Significant inverse dose–responses were observed between the change in CRF with LV-HIIT and sprint repetitions (β=−0.52 [-0.76, -0.28]), high-intensity duration (β=−0.21 [-0.39, -0.02]), and total duration (β=−0.19 [-0.36, -0.02]), while higher intensity significantly improved CRF gains. LV-HIIT can improve cardiometabolic health and body composition and represent a time-efficient alternative to MICT and HV-HIIT. Performing LV-HIIT at a higher intensity drives higher CRF gains. More repetitions, longer time at high-intensity, and total session duration did not augment gains in CRF.
DOI Link: 10.1139/apnm-2023-0329
Rights: Accepted for publication in Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism: ©2023 The Author(s). Permission for reuse (free in most cases) can be obtained from
Notes: Output Status: Forthcoming/Available Online
Licence URL(s):

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
Yin-etal-APNM-2023.pdfFulltext - Accepted Version1.64 MBAdobe PDFView/Open

This item is protected by original copyright

Items in the Repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.

The metadata of the records in the Repository are available under the CC0 public domain dedication: No Rights Reserved

If you believe that any material held in STORRE infringes copyright, please contact providing details and we will remove the Work from public display in STORRE and investigate your claim.