Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Appears in Collections:History and Politics Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Unpacking the Dynamics of Urban Transformation in Heritage Places through ‘Critical System Dynamics’: The Case of Beresford Square, Woolwich
Author(s): Fouseki, Kalliopi
Hisari, Lorika
Dong, Xinqiao
Bonacchi, Chiara
Robson, Elizabeth
Broccoli, Elisa
Guttormsen, Torgrim Sneve
Nucciotti, Michele
Shieh, Sharon
Contact Email:
Keywords: urban heritage
urban regeneration
critical system dynamics
urban heritage transformation
urban dynamics
deep cities
Issue Date: 9-Nov-2023
Date Deposited: 20-Nov-2023
Citation: Fouseki K, Hisari L, Dong X, Bonacchi C, Robson E, Broccoli E, Guttormsen TS, Nucciotti M & Shieh S (2023) Unpacking the Dynamics of Urban Transformation in Heritage Places through ‘Critical System Dynamics’: The Case of Beresford Square, Woolwich. <i>Land</i>, 12 (11), Art. No.: 2040.
Abstract: Rapidly growing research in urban heritage studies highlights the significance of incorporating participatory approaches in urban transformation projects. And yet, participation tends to be limited, including only certain segments of the population. It is also acknowledged that cities are ‘dynamic’ and ‘complex’ systems. However, there is extremely limited research that captures the dynamic transformation mechanisms in historic urban environments. This paper aims to illustrate a novel, mixed-method and dynamic approach to unfold the dynamics of urban heritage areas. We do so by focusing on the historic area of Woolwich, a South-East suburb in London, UK. To do so, we apply ‘critical system dynamics’ for the analysis of a mixed dataset which incorporates architectural surveys, interviews, online surveys, social media data and visual observations of material change through light archaeology. Within the framework of ‘deep cities’, the article argues that the transformation of a place is a complex process that can be captured not only based on ‘what we see’ but also on ‘what we cannot see’. In other words, the invisible (values, emotions, and senses) is as significant as the visible. This is of paramount importance as most urban planning policies tend to be based on material, visible remains and less on the spirit or soul of a place.
DOI Link: 10.3390/land12112040
Rights: © 2023 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (
Licence URL(s):

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
land-12-02040.pdfFulltext - Published Version9.12 MBAdobe PDFView/Open

This item is protected by original copyright

A file in this item is licensed under a Creative Commons License Creative Commons

Items in the Repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.

The metadata of the records in the Repository are available under the CC0 public domain dedication: No Rights Reserved

If you believe that any material held in STORRE infringes copyright, please contact providing details and we will remove the Work from public display in STORRE and investigate your claim.