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Appears in Collections:Faculty of Health Sciences and Sport Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: A time compositional analysis of the association between movement behaviors and indicators of mental health in young adults
Author(s): Murray, URoss
Doré, Isabelle
Sabiston, Catherine
Fady, Micheal
O'Loughlin, Jennifer
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Keywords: depression
physical activity
sedentary behaviors
Issue Date: 27-Aug-2023
Date Deposited: 22-Aug-2023
Citation: Murray U, Doré I, Sabiston C, Fady M & O'Loughlin J (2023) A time compositional analysis of the association between movement behaviors and indicators of mental health in young adults. <i>Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports</i>.
Abstract: Background Movement behaviors (i.e., physical activity [PA], sedentary behaviors [SB], sleep) relate to mental health. Although movement behaviors are often analyzed as distinct entities, they are in fact highly inter-dependent (e.g., if an individual increases sleep, then PA and/or SB must be reduced) and these dependencies should be accounted for in the analysis. We tested whether perceptions of time spent in movement behaviors (i.e., moderate-to-vigorous intensity PA [MVPA], light physical activity [LPA], SB, and sleep) related to depressive symptoms and self-report mental health in young adults using a compositional analysis. We then estimated change in depressive symptoms with reallocation of time across movement behaviors using compositional time-reallocation models. Methods Data were drawn from the longitudinal NDIT dataset. Complete data were available for 770 young adults (Mage = 20.3, 55% females). Results The proportion of time spent in MVPA relative to other movement behaviors related to depressive symptoms non-significantly and to mental health significantly. Reallocating 15 min from MVPA to SB resulted in a significant (0.46 unit) increase in depressive symptoms, and reallocating 15 min of MVPA to LPA was associated with a (0.57) increase in depressive symptoms. Conclusion These results indicate the importance of relative time spent in each movement behavior to mental health. Further research should examine these associations over time.
DOI Link: 10.1111/sms.14471
Rights: © 2023 The Authors. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science In Sports published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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