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Appears in Collections:Faculty of Health Sciences and Sport Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Pistachios as a recovery food following downhill running exercise in recreational team-sport individuals
Author(s): Philpott, Jordan
Kern, Mark
Hooshmand, Shirin
Carson, Imogene
Rayo, Vernon
North, Elise
Okamoto, Lauren
O’Neil, Timothy
Hong, Mee Young
Liu, Changqi
Dreczkowski, Gillian
Rodriguez-Sanchez, Nidia
Witard, Oliver C
Galloway, Stuart D
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Keywords: Pistachio nuts
functional food
eccentric exercise
muscle damage
acute recovery
Issue Date: 18-Aug-2023
Date Deposited: 29-Sep-2023
Citation: Philpott J, Kern M, Hooshmand S, Carson I, Rayo V, North E, Okamoto L, O’Neil T, Hong MY, Liu C, Dreczkowski G, Rodriguez-Sanchez N, Witard OC & Galloway SD (2023) Pistachios as a recovery food following downhill running exercise in recreational team-sport individuals. <i>European Journal of Sport Science</i>.
Abstract: We aimed to investigate the impact of pistachio nut consumption on muscle soreness and function following exercise-induced muscle damage. Using a randomised cross-over design, male team-sport players (n = 18) performed a 40-minute downhill treadmill run to induce muscle damage, which was conducted after 2-wks of consuming either control (CON, water), a standard dose of daily pistachios (STD, 42.5 g/d) or a higher dose of daily pistachios (HIGH, 85 g/d). Lower limb muscle soreness (visual analogue scale), muscle function (maximal voluntary isokinetic torque and vertical jump), and blood markers of muscle damage/inflammation (creatine kinase, C-reactive protein, myoglobin, superoxide dismutase) were measured pre (baseline) and post (24, 48, and 72 h) exercise. No trial order effects were observed for any outcome measurement across trials. Mean quadriceps soreness (non-dominant leg) during exercise recovery was reduced (p < 0.05) in HIGH vs. CON (mean difference (95%CI): 13(1-25) mm). Change in soreness in the dominant quadriceps was not different between HIGH vs. CON (p = 0.06; mean difference (95%CI): 13(-1 to 26 mm)). No main effects of time or trial were observed for mean soreness of hamstrings, or on isokinetic torque of knee extensors or knee flexors, during recovery. Serum creatine kinase concentration peaked at 24 h post-damage (mean(SEM): 763(158)µg/L) from baseline (300(87)µg/L), but had returned to baseline by 72 h post (398(80)µg/L) exercise in all trials, with no trial or trial × time interaction evident. These data suggest that high dose pistachio nut ingestion may provide some alleviation of muscle soreness, but no effect on muscle function, following modest muscle damage
DOI Link: 10.1080/17461391.2023.2239192
Rights: © 2023 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives License (, which permits non-commercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, and is not altered, transformed, or built upon in any way. The terms on which this article has been published allow the posting of the Accepted Manuscript in a repository by the author(s) or with their consent.
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