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Appears in Collections:Faculty of Social Sciences Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Physical literacy in Europe: The current state of implementation in research, practice, and policy
Author(s): Carl, Johannes
Bryant, Anna S.
Edwards, Lowri C.
Bartle, Gillian
Birch, Jens E.
Christodoulides, Efstathios
Emeljanovas, Arunas
Fröberg, Andreas
Gandrieau, Joseph
Gilic, Barbara
van Hilvoorde, Ivo
Holler, Peter
Iconomescu, Teodora M.
Jaunig, Johannes
Laudanska-Krzeminska, Ida
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Keywords: Active lifestyle
Physical activity
Issue Date: Jan-2023
Date Deposited: 22-Mar-2023
Citation: Carl J, Bryant AS, Edwards LC, Bartle G, Birch JE, Christodoulides E, Emeljanovas A, Fröberg A, Gandrieau J, Gilic B, van Hilvoorde I, Holler P, Iconomescu TM, Jaunig J & Laudanska-Krzeminska I (2023) Physical literacy in Europe: The current state of implementation in research, practice, and policy. <i>Journal of Exercise Science & Fitness</i>, 21 (1), pp. 165-176.
Abstract: Background/objective The holistic concept of physical literacy (PL) embraces different person-centered qualities (physical, cognitive, affective/psychological) necessary to lead physically active lifestyles. PL has recently gained increasing attention globally and Europe is no exception. However, scientific endeavors summarizing the current state of PL in Europe are lacking. Therefore, the goal of this study was to comprehensively assess and compare the implementation of PL in research, policy, and practice across the continent. Methods We assembled a panel of experts representing 25 European countries. Employing a complementary mixed-methods design, the experts first prepared reviews about the current state of PL in their countries (categories: research, practice/policy). The reviews underwent comparative document analysis, ensuring a transnational four-eyes principle. For re-validation purposes, the representatives completed a quantitative survey with questions reflecting the inductive themes from the document analysis. Results The document analysis resulted in ten disjunct themes (related to “concept”, “research”, “practice/policy”, “future/prospect”) and yielded a heterogenous PL situation in Europe. The implementation state was strongly linked to conceptual discussions (e.g., existence of competing approaches), linguistic issues (e.g., translations), and country-specific traditions. Despite growing scholarly attention, PL hesitantly permeates practice and policy in most countries. Nevertheless, the experts largely anticipate increasing popularity of PL for the future. Conclusion Despite the heterogeneous situation across Europe, the analysis has uncovered similarities among the countries, such as the presence of established yet not identical concepts. Research should intensify academic activities (conceptual-linguistic elaborations, empirical work) before PL may gain further access into practical and political spheres in the long term.
DOI Link: 10.1016/j.jesf.2022.12.003
Rights: This article is available under the Creative Commons CC-BY-NC-ND license and permits non-commercial use of the work as published, without adaptation or alteration provided the work is fully attributed. For commercial reuse, permission must be requested from the publisher.
Notes: Additional authors: Suzanne Lundvall, Kristine De Martelaer, João Martins, Brigita Mieziene, Maria Mendoza-Muñoz, Alexandre Mouton, Bogdan S. Olaru, Marcos Onofre, Iuliia Pavlova, Marie Rose Repond, Vassiliki Riga, Kasper Salin, Christophe Schnitzler, Damir Sekulic, Clemens Töpfer, Jana Vasickova, Günay Yıldızer, Viviana Zito, Peter Bentsen, Nigel Green, Peter Elsborg
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