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Appears in Collections:Faculty of Social Sciences Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: "You're trying to put yourself in boxes, which doesn't work": Exploring non-binary youth's gender identity development using feminist relational discourse analysis
Author(s): Ward, Luke
Lucas, Siân
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Keywords: Non-binary
identity development
feminist relational discourse analysis
Issue Date: 7-Mar-2023
Date Deposited: 9-Mar-2023
Citation: Ward L & Lucas S (2023) "You're trying to put yourself in boxes, which doesn't work": Exploring non-binary youth's gender identity development using feminist relational discourse analysis. <i>Journal of Gender Studies</i>.
Abstract: There are growing numbers of non-binary youth in the U.K. with increasing representation, whilst simultaneously forms of gender diversity are being heavily regulated. Non-binary youth face unique challenges regarding their gender development due to age-based expectations for single and stable identities, and the gender binary. This article explores the regulation of gender identity borders and how non-binary youth navigate these. Ten non-binary youth living in the U.K. aged 16–21 years old took part in semi-structured individual interviews. Feminist Relational Discourse Analysis was used to explore forms of regulation through discourse analysis whilst also tracing the personal experiences through the discursive realms by constructing I poems. The analysis highlights how a non-binary gender provides freedom from the gender binary for identity development and understanding of oneself in context. However, the freedom provided by non-binary identities is precarious and risks being regulated by individualism and attempts to shame, which cause youth to censor their gender diversities. The research contributes to non-binary theory by focusing on the intersection of age to highlight the discursive realms and voiced experiences of non-binary identity development.
DOI Link: 10.1080/09589236.2023.2172557
Rights: © 2023 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Notes: Output Status: Forthcoming/Available Online
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