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Appears in Collections:Faculty of Health Sciences and Sport Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Knowledge, beliefs and behaviours related to second-hand smoke and smoking in the home: a qualitative study with men in Malaysia
Author(s): Syazmeen, Raisya
Latiffah Abd Rani, Nurul
Zulkifli, Aziemah
Hernani Abd Latif, Norul
Dobson, Ruaraidh
Ibrahim, Tengku Azmina
Semple, Sean
Abidin, Emilia Zainal
Uny, Isabelle
O’Donnell, Rachel
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Keywords: Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Issue Date: 14-Oct-2022
Date Deposited: 5-Jan-2023
Citation: Syazmeen R, Latiffah Abd Rani N, Zulkifli A, Hernani Abd Latif N, Dobson R, Ibrahim TA, Semple S, Abidin EZ, Uny I & O’Donnell R (2022) Knowledge, beliefs and behaviours related to second-hand smoke and smoking in the home: a qualitative study with men in Malaysia. <i>Nicotine & Tobacco Research</i>.
Abstract: Introduction Despite the health risks associated with second-hand smoke (SHS) exposure, smoking in the home is common in Malaysia, and almost exclusively a male behaviour. This study explored male smokers’ knowledge, beliefs and behaviours related to SHS exposure and smoking in the home, to guide future intervention development. Methods Twenty-four men who smoked and lived in Klang Valley, Kuantan or Kuala Terengganu took part in semi-structured interviews which explored knowledge and beliefs regarding SHS in the home, and associated home smoking behaviours. Data were managed and analysed using the framework approach. Results There was limited knowledge regarding the health risks associated with SHS: the smell of SHS in the home was a more prominent concern in most cases. Many had no rules in place restricting home-smoking, and some suggested that smoking in specific rooms and/or near windows meant SHS was not ‘shared’ with other household members. A few fathers had created but not maintained a smoke-free home prior to and/or after their children were born. Desire to smoke in the home conflicted with men’s sense of responsibility as the head of the household to protect others and set a good example to their children. Conclusions Men’s home-smoking behaviours are shaped by a lack of understanding of the health risks associated with SHS exposure. Gaining a broader understanding of the factors that shape men’s decisions to create a smoke-free home is important to facilitate the development of culturally-appropriate interventions that address their responsibility to protect other household members from SHS exposure. Implications Our findings highlight the need for public information campaigns in Malaysia to educate men who smoke regarding the health harms associated with SHS in the home and the ways in which SHS travels and lingers in household air. This is important given men’s concerns about SHS often focus on the smell of cigarette smoke in the home. Our findings suggest a number of potential avenues for future intervention development, including household and community-level initiatives which could build on men’s sense of responsibility as the head of the household and/or their general desire to protect their family.
DOI Link: 10.1093/ntr/ntac239
Rights: © The Author(s) 2022. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted reuse, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Notes: Output Status: Forthcoming/Available Online
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