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Appears in Collections:History and Politics Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Munathamat Badr, from an armed wing to a ruling actor
Author(s): Gulmohamad, Zana
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Keywords: Badr
popular mobilisation forces
Shia militias
Islamic State
Issue Date: 1-Feb-2021
Date Deposited: 11-May-2022
Citation: Gulmohamad Z (2021) Munathamat Badr, from an armed wing to a ruling actor. Small Wars & Insurgencies.
Abstract: Badr has become a key Shia socio-political-armed organisation in Iraq and has revamped its political and organisational structure. Previously, it was an Iran based and designed Iraqi Shia opposition force, the armed wing of the Supreme Council for the Islamic Revolution in Iraq. Post-2003 it transformed into an incohesive political organisation with an armed wing and engaged in electoral politics. Badr has influenced the state’s apparatus and played a key role in the Popular Mobilisation Forces’ campaign against the Islamic State in Iraq. Primary resources, including interviews, Badr’s media and platforms and publications explain Badr’s approaches and decentralised structure.
DOI Link: 10.1080/09592318.2021.1875310
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Notes: Output Status: Forthcoming/Available Online
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