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Appears in Collections:Faculty of Health Sciences and Sport Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Association of Food and Nonalcoholic Beverage Marketing With Children and Adolescents’ Eating Behaviors and Health: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis
Author(s): Boyland, Emma
McGale, Lauren
Maden, Michelle
Hounsome, Juliet
Boland, Angela
Angus, Kathryn
Jones, Andrew
Issue Date: 2-May-2022
Date Deposited: 3-May-2022
Citation: Boyland E, McGale L, Maden M, Hounsome J, Boland A, Angus K & Jones A (2022) Association of Food and Nonalcoholic Beverage Marketing With Children and Adolescents’ Eating Behaviors and Health: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. JAMA Pediatrics.
Abstract: Importance There is widespread interest in the effect of food marketing on children; however, the comprehensive global evidence reviews are now dated. Objective To quantify the association of food and nonalcoholic beverage marketing with behavioral and health outcomes in children and adolescents to inform updated World Health Organization guidelines. Data Sources Twenty-two databases were searched (including MEDLINE, CINAHL, Web of Science, Embase, and The Cochrane Library) with a publication date limit from January 2009 through March 2020. Study Selection Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses reporting guidelines were followed. Inclusion criteria were primary studies assessing the association of food marketing with specified outcomes in children and adolescents (aged 0-19 years). Exclusion criteria were qualitative studies or those on advertising of infant formula. Of 31 063 articles identified, 96 articles were eligible for inclusion in the systematic review, and 80 articles in the meta-analysis (19 372 participants). Data Extraction and Synthesis Two reviewers independently extracted data. Random-effects models were used for meta-analyses; meta-regressions, sensitivity analyses, and P curve analyses were also performed. Where appropriate, pooling was conducted using combining P values and vote counting by direction of effect. Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation was used to judge certainty of evidence. Main Outcomes and Measures Critical outcomes were intake, choice, preference, and purchasing. Important outcomes were purchase requests, dental caries, body weight, and diet-related noncommunicable diseases. Results Participants totaled 19 372 from 80 included articles. Food marketing was associated with significant increases in intake (standardized mean difference [SMD], 0.25; 95% CI, 0.15-0.35; P 
DOI Link: 10.1001/jamapediatrics.2022.1037
Rights: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the CC-BY License ( © 2022 Boyland E et al. JAMA Pediatrics.
Notes: Output Status: Forthcoming/Available Online
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