Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Appears in Collections:Law and Philosophy Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: The price of success: Equal Pay and the US Women's National Soccer Team
Author(s): Culvin, Alex
Bowes, Ali
Carrick, Sarah
Pope, Stacey
Keywords: equality
equal pay
women’s football
Issue Date: 17-Sep-2021
Date Deposited: 6-Oct-2021
Citation: Culvin A, Bowes A, Carrick S & Pope S (2021) The price of success: Equal Pay and the US Women's National Soccer Team. Soccer and Society.
Abstract: This commentary offers an analysis of the implications of the US Women’ National team Collective Action lawsuit against the US Soccer Federation. The players filed the lawsuit based on two grounds: first, that the US Soccer Federation violated the Equal Pay Act by paying them less than the men’s national team and second, that the federation discriminated against them under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act 1964, specifically in regard to workplace conditions. In this article, we discuss three interrelated aspects: (1) the legal implications of either the success or failure of the dispute; (2) playing and workplace conditions; and (3) the gendered meanings of equal pay and its socio-cultural implications. These significant challenges require analysis to understand potential implications of the outcome for women’s football, and beyond. Recommendations are made for governing bodies and football clubs, in addition to possible future research directions for academics. We reflect upon the gendered, social and sporting meaning of equal pay for continuing the momentum of women’s football, highlighting the need for the most successful women’s football team in the world to achieve parity if we are to continue advancing gender equality in a ‘new age’ of women’s sport.
DOI Link: 10.1080/14660970.2021.1977280
Rights: © 2021 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives License (, which permits non-commercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, and is not altered, transformed, or built upon in any way.
Notes: Output Status: Forthcoming/Available Online
Licence URL(s):

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
Culvin-etal-SS-2021.pdfFulltext - Published Version664.46 kBAdobe PDFView/Open

This item is protected by original copyright

A file in this item is licensed under a Creative Commons License Creative Commons

Items in the Repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.

The metadata of the records in the Repository are available under the CC0 public domain dedication: No Rights Reserved

If you believe that any material held in STORRE infringes copyright, please contact providing details and we will remove the Work from public display in STORRE and investigate your claim.