Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/32492
Appears in Collections:Economics Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: The value of blue-space recreation and perceived water quality across Europe: A contingent behaviour study
Author(s): Börger, Tobias
Campbell, Danny
White, Mathew P
Elliott, Lewis R
Fleming, Lora E
Garrett, Joanne K
Hattam, Caroline
Hynes, Stephen
Lankia, Tuija
Taylor, Tim
Contact Email: danny.campbell@stir.ac.uk
Keywords: Travel cost method
Contingent behaviour method
Water quality
Blue-space recreation
Incidental truncation
Count data models
Issue Date: 1-Jun-2021
Date Deposited: 31-Mar-2021
Citation: Börger T, Campbell D, White MP, Elliott LR, Fleming LE, Garrett JK, Hattam C, Hynes S, Lankia T & Taylor T (2021) The value of blue-space recreation and perceived water quality across Europe: A contingent behaviour study. Science of the Total Environment, 771, Art. No.: 145597. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2021.145597
Abstract: This study estimates the value of recreational visits to blue-space sites across 14 EU Member States, representing 78% of the Union's population. Across all countries surveyed, respondents made an average of 47 blue-space visits per person per year. Employing travel cost and contingent behaviour methods, the value of a visit is estimated at €41.32 which adds up to a recreational value of €631bn per year for the total adult population surveyed. Using the Bathing Water Directive's water quality designation, the analysis shows that a one-level improvement in water quality leads to 3.13 more visits (+6.67%), whereas a one-level deterioration leads to 9.77 fewer annual visits (−20.83%). This study provides valuations of benefits of recreation and changes of recreational values due to changes in surface water quality, which can be compared to the implementation and monitoring costs of efforts under the EU's Bathing Water, Water Framework and Marine Strategy Framework Directives.
DOI Link: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2021.145597
Rights: This item has been embargoed for a period. During the embargo please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author. You can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study. Accepted refereed manuscript of: Börger T, Campbell D, White MP, Elliott LR, Fleming LE, Garrett JK, Hattam C, Hynes S, Lankia T & Taylor T (2021) The value of blue-space recreation and perceived water quality across Europe: A contingent behaviour study. Science of the Total Environment, 771, Art. No.: 145597. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2021.145597 © 2021, Elsevier. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Licence URL(s): http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/

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