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Appears in Collections:History and Politics Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: The "Super-Network": Fostering Interaction Between Human Rights and Climate Change Institutions
Author(s): Schapper, Andrea
Keywords: transnational advocacy networks
institutional interaction
human rights
climate change
Paris Agreement
Issue Date: 2021
Date Deposited: 1-Mar-2021
Citation: Schapper A (2021) The "Super-Network": Fostering Interaction Between Human Rights and Climate Change Institutions. Complexity, Governance and Networks, 6 (1), pp. 32-45.
Abstract: This article contributes to understanding unique forms of actor constellations and their tactics in fostering institutional interaction. It explores interaction processes between the human rights and the climate regime, and more specifically, the incorporation of human rights in the 2015 Paris climate agreement. During the Paris negotiations, an inter-constituency alliance comprised of environmental movements, human rights organizations, gender activists, indigenous peoples’ representatives, trade unions, youth groups and faith-based organizations successfully lobbied for the incorporation of rights principles into the new climate instrument. I argue that this alliance can be grasped as a "super-network", a network above several individual transnational advocacy networks (TANs), that works across policy fields and uses information, symbols and stories, as well as accountability and leverage politics to foster interaction between a source institution (human rights regime) and a target institution (climate regime). By employing a package approach, which reiterates a core message of common principles individual networks have agreed on, the "super-network" changed the practices of governments in international negotiations and fostered inter-institutional interaction. Empirically, my research is mainly based on expert interviews and participatory observations at the strategic meetings of TANs at three different climate negotiations in Warsaw (2013), Paris (2015) and Bonn (2017), including follow-up skype interviews with key experts between 2013 and 2020.
DOI Link: 10.20377/cgn-102
Rights: This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (
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