Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Appears in Collections:Law and Philosophy Book Chapters and Sections
Title: Autonomy
Author(s): Wheeler, Michael
Contact Email:
Editor(s): Dubber, Markus D
Pasquale, Frank
Das, Sunit
Citation: Wheeler M (2020) Autonomy. In: Dubber MD, Pasquale F & Das S (eds.) Oxford Handbook of Ethics of AI. Oxford Handbooks. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 343-358.
Keywords: autonomous AI, autonomous weapons systems, control, deep learning, self-driving cars.
Issue Date: 2020
Date Deposited: 28-Jan-2021
Series/Report no.: Oxford Handbooks
Abstract: Unease regarding autonomous (self-governing) AI is most vividly expressed in the vision of an artificial super intelligence whose self-generated goals and interests diverge radically from those of humankind, and which thus places our well-being, and maybe even our survival, at risk. The first question addressed by this chapter, then, is this: what are the conditions that would need to be met by an intelligent machine, in order for that machine to exhibit the kind of autonomy that is operative in this dystopian scenario? However, there is arguably a more pressing concern regarding a different class of AI systems, those that are autonomous in only the milder sense that, in their domains of operation, we are ceding, or will cede, some significant degree of control to them. Systems of this kind include self-driving cars and autonomous weapons systems. The second question addressed by this chapter, then, is this: are these already-in-the-world autonomous AI systems a genuine cause for concern? A key issue here concerns the properties of so-called deep learning networks. The chapter ends by suggesting briefly that the two kinds of autonomy discussed are connected in an interesting way.
Rights: This item has been embargoed for a period. During the embargo please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author. You can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study. Published in Dubber, M., Pasquale, F. and Das, S. (eds.), OxfordHandbook of Ethics of AI, Oxford University Press, New York, reproduced by permission of Oxford University Press:

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
wheeler_autonomy_pub_details.pdfFulltext - Accepted Version259.88 kBAdobe PDFUnder Embargo until 2022-09-04    Request a copy

Note: If any of the files in this item are currently embargoed, you can request a copy directly from the author by clicking the padlock icon above. However, this facility is dependent on the depositor still being contactable at their original email address.

This item is protected by original copyright

Items in the Repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.

The metadata of the records in the Repository are available under the CC0 public domain dedication: No Rights Reserved

If you believe that any material held in STORRE infringes copyright, please contact providing details and we will remove the Work from public display in STORRE and investigate your claim.