Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Appears in Collections:History and Politics Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Resilient Humanitarianism? Using Assemblage to re-evaluate the history of the League of Red Cross Societies
Author(s): Oppenheimer, Melanie
Schech, Susanne
Fathi, Romain
Wylie, Neville
Cresswell, Rosemary
Keywords: League of Red Cross Societies
International Federation of Red Cross Red Crescent
Red Cross Movement
resilient humanitarianism
twentieth century internationalism
Issue Date: 27-Aug-2020
Citation: Oppenheimer M, Schech S, Fathi R, Wylie N & Cresswell R (2020) Resilient Humanitarianism? Using Assemblage to re-evaluate the history of the League of Red Cross Societies. International History Review.
Abstract: The League of Red Cross Societies (LRCS) – known as the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) since 1991 – has received little historical attention despite representing the world’s largest volunteer network and being an integral part of the Red Cross Movement. Formed in the aftermath of the First World War by the national Red Cross Societies of the United States, Great Britain, France, Italy and Japan, the LRCS aspired to lead in the promotion of global public health and welfare during peacetime. Through the lens of assemblage thinking and the five assemblage elements of exteriority, capacity to evolve, internal machinery, open systems, and desire, the paper seeks to understand the longevity and resilient humanitarianism of the LRCS. In doing so, the paper provides a new conceptualisation of the LRCS that helps to explain how it survived in the rapidly changing and increasingly contested international humanitarian environment of the twentieth century.
DOI Link: 10.1080/07075332.2020.1810100
Rights: © 2020 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives License (, which permits non-commercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, and is not altered, transformed, or built upon in any way.
Notes: Output Status: Forthcoming/Available Online
Licence URL(s):

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
Oppenheimer-etal-IHR-2020.pdfFulltext - Published Version2.07 MBAdobe PDFView/Open

This item is protected by original copyright

A file in this item is licensed under a Creative Commons License Creative Commons

Items in the Repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.

If you believe that any material held in STORRE infringes copyright, please contact providing details and we will remove the Work from public display in STORRE and investigate your claim.