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Appears in Collections:Faculty of Health Sciences and Sport Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Effect of Increased Dietary Protein on Tolerance to Intensified Training
Author(s): Witard, Oliver
Jackman, Sarah R
Kies, Arie
Jeukendrup, Asker E
Tipton, Kevin
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Keywords: Overload Training
Protein Feeding
Issue Date: Apr-2011
Citation: Witard O, Jackman SR, Kies A, Jeukendrup AE & Tipton K (2011) Effect of Increased Dietary Protein on Tolerance to Intensified Training, Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 43 (4), pp. 598-607.
Abstract: Purpose: The purpose of the present study was to examine the effect of increased protein intake on short-term decrements in endurance performance during a block of high-intensity training. Methods: Trained male cyclists (V˙ O2max = 64.2 T 6.5 mLIkgj1Iminj1) completed two 3-wk trials both divided equally into normal (NOR), intensified (INT), and recovery (REC) training. In a counterbalanced crossover experimental design, cyclists received either a high-protein (PRO; 3 g proteinIkgj1 body mass (BM)Idj1) or a normal diet (CON; 1.5 g proteinIkgj1 BMIdj1) during INT and REC. Dietary carbohydrate content remained constant at 6 gIkgj1 BMIdj1. Energy balance was maintained during each training week. Endurance performance was assessed with aV˙ O2max test and a preloaded time trial. Alterations in blood metabolite responses to exercise were measured at rest, during, and after exercise. Cyclists completed the Daily Analysis of Life Demands for Athletes (DALDA) questionnaire each day. Results: Increased dietary protein intake led to a possible attenuation (4.3%; 90% confidence limits !/"5.4%) in the decrement in time trial performance after a block of high-intensity training compared with NOR (PRO = 2639 T 350 s; CON = 2555 T 313 s). Restoration of endurance performance during recovery training possibly benefited (2.0%; !/"4.9%) from additional protein intake. Frequency of symptoms of stress described as ‘‘worse than normal’’ reported after a block of high-intensity training was very likely (97%) attenuated (17; T11 AUC of ‘‘a’’ scores part B, DALDA for INT + REC) by increasing the protein content of the diet. No discernable changes in blood metabolite concentrations were observed in PRO. Conclusions: Additional protein intake reduced symptoms of psychological stress and may result in a worthwhile amelioration of the performance decline experienced during a block of high-intensity training.
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Rights: Copyright 2011 by the American College of Sports Medicine; The publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository. Please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author; you can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study.

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