|Appears in Collections:||Faculty of Health Sciences and Sport Journal Articles|
|Peer Review Status:||Refereed|
|Title:||Reducing secondhand smoke exposure among nonsmoking pregnant women: a systematic review|
|Keywords:||Environmental Tobacco Smoke|
|Citation:||Nwosu C, Angus K, Cheeseman H & Semple S (2020) Reducing secondhand smoke exposure among nonsmoking pregnant women: a systematic review. Nicotine and Tobacco Research. https://doi.org/10.1093/ntr/ntaa089|
|Abstract:||Introduction: Exposure to second-hand smoke (SHS) in pregnancy leads to an increased risk of stillbirths, congenital malformations and low birth weight. There is a lack of evidence about how best to achieve reductions in SHS exposure among non-smoking pregnant women. This work systematically reviews individual or household interventions to reduce pregnant women’s exposure to SHS. Methods: MEDLINE, EMBASE and CINAHL databases were searched from their dates of inception to 17th April 2019. Studies were included if: participants were non-smoking pregnant women; involved an intervention to reduce SHS exposure or encourage partner quitting; and measured SHS exposure of pregnant women and/or recorded quit rates among partners. The UK National Institute for Health & Care Excellence (NICE) Quality Appraisal checklist was used to determine internal and external validity. Results: Nine studies met the inclusion criteria. Educational interventions were primarily targeted at the pregnant woman to change her or others’ behaviour, with only two studies involving the partner who smoked. Intervention delivery was mixed, spanning brief discussions through to more involving sessions with role play. The effective interventions involved multiple follow-ups. There was no standardised method of assessing exposure to SHS. Many of the included studies had moderate to high risk of bias. Conclusion: There is mixed evidence for interventions aimed at reducing pregnant women’s exposure to SHS, though multi-component interventions seem to be more effective. The effectiveness of family-centred approaches involving creating smoke-free homes alongside partner smoking cessation, perhaps involving pharmacological support and/or financial incentives, should be explored.|
|Rights:||This item has been embargoed for a period. During the embargo please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author. You can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study.|
|Notes:||Output Status: Forthcoming/Available Online|
|Nwosu et al NicotineTobRes_acceptedmanuscript.pdf||Fulltext - Accepted Version||311.17 kB||Adobe PDF||Under Embargo until 2021-05-20 Request a copy|
Note: If any of the files in this item are currently embargoed, you can request a copy directly from the author by clicking the padlock icon above. However, this facility is dependent on the depositor still being contactable at their original email address.
This item is protected by original copyright
Items in the Repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.
If you believe that any material held in STORRE infringes copyright, please contact email@example.com providing details and we will remove the Work from public display in STORRE and investigate your claim.