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Appears in Collections:History and Politics Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Social mobilization against large hydroelectric dams: A comparison of Ethiopia, Brazil, and Panama
Author(s): Schapper, Andrea
Unrau, Christine
Killoh, Sarah
Keywords: hydroelectric dams
social movements
green growth
Gibe III
Belo Mont
e Barro Blanco
Issue Date: Mar-2020
Citation: Schapper A, Unrau C & Killoh S (2020) Social mobilization against large hydroelectric dams: A comparison of Ethiopia, Brazil, and Panama. Sustainable Development, 28 (2), pp. 413-423.
Abstract: Large‐scale hydroelectric dams have—throughout their history—had adverse impacts on local population groups, natural resources, and entire eco‐systems furthering resistance and protest against them. In this paper, we aim to investigate the impact of social mobilization against large‐scale dams by considering political opportunity structures, actor constellations, and frames. We comparatively analyze three case studies in varying political systems, that is, Gibe III in Ethiopia, Belo Monte in Brazil, and Barro Blanco in Panama. Our investigation is based on field research in these countries comprising data collection of governmental reports, newspaper articles, materials published by civil society organizations, and semi‐structured interviews. The analysis reveals that the impact of mobilization against dams is certainly limited in contexts with authoritarian governments. In democratic contexts, the impact depends on the degree of external involvement, as well as the ability of movements to avoid fracture, especially in view of temporal dimensions of large infrastructure projects.
DOI Link: 10.1002/sd.1995
Rights: © 2020 The Authors. Sustainable Development published by ERP Environment and John Wiley & Sons Ltd This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution‐NonCommercial‐NoDerivs License, which permits use and distribution in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, the use is non‐commercial and no modifications or adaptations are made.
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