Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Full metadata record
DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorSlavin, Philipen_UK
dc.description.abstractFamine as a historical phenomenon has attracted considerable scholarly attention in recent decades, especially since the publication of Amartya Sen’s now-classic Poverty and Famines in 1981. Roughly speaking, we can identify two main scholarly camps or schools of thought: ‘institutionalist’ and ‘environmentalist’. The ‘institutionalists’ contend that famines tend to be, to a large degree, man-made phenomena, and that nature is of secondary importance. Thus Sen argues, using the example of the Bengal famine of 1942–3, that in many cases famines occur not because of an absolute lack of food resources but because of a decline in ‘entitlements’ to (depleted) food resources. He distinguishes between ‘FAD’ (food availability decline) and ‘FED’ (food entitlement decline). For Sen, famines occur when lower social echelons lose their entitlement to food and when the better-off, at the expense of the rest, increase their own supply of food.1 Notwithstanding some criticisms, Sen’s theory of famine remains widely influential.2 But, in more recent years, with more knowledge about the history of the physical environment, some scholars have seen nature as the primary initiator of famine in pre-industrial societies.3 The present paper stresses the impact of anthropogenic factors on famine, and underlines the relevance and importance of Sen’s theory of FED by means of one case study: the Great European Famine of the early fourteenth century. Sen’s ideas are tested against devastating disruptions in grain supply caused by a collapse of local markets, uncontrolled price inflation and the hoarding of crops. A close analysis of available evidence suggests that, compared with other major European famines, the Great Famine was a catastrophe on a different scale, one rather similar to that of the food crises of the developing world in the modern era. Although the disaster began as an ecological crisis, it was soon intensified by purely anthropogenic or endogenous factors. One particularly devastating such factor was the widespread failure of crop markets. This phenomenon forms the core of the paper. To appreciate the anthropogenic side of the Great Famine, several aspects of market failure are discussed and analysed: (1) price behaviour; (2) market segmentation; (3) reduced market supervision; (4) the rise of ‘preferential trade’; and (5) seasonality of transactions.en_UK
dc.publisherOxford University Press (OUP)en_UK
dc.relationSlavin P (2014) Market Failure during The Great Famine in England and Wales (1315-1317). Past and Present, 222 (1), pp. 9-49.
dc.rightsThe publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository. Please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author. You can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study.en_UK
dc.titleMarket Failure during The Great Famine in England and Wales (1315-1317)en_UK
dc.typeJournal Articleen_UK
dc.rights.embargoreason[Slavin-P_P-2014.pdf] The publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository therefore there is an embargo on the full text of the work.en_UK
dc.citation.jtitlePast and Presenten_UK
dc.type.statusVoR - Version of Recorden_UK
dc.contributor.funderUniversity of Kenten_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Kenten_UK
Appears in Collections:History and Politics Journal Articles

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
Slavin-P_P-2014.pdfFulltext - Published Version507.47 kBAdobe PDFUnder Permanent Embargo    Request a copy

This item is protected by original copyright

Items in the Repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.

If you believe that any material held in STORRE infringes copyright, please contact providing details and we will remove the Work from public display in STORRE and investigate your claim.