Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/30388
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dc.contributor.authorGinty, Annie Ten_UK
dc.contributor.authorWilliams, Sarah Een_UK
dc.contributor.authorJones, Alexanderen_UK
dc.contributor.authorRoseboom, Tessa Jen_UK
dc.contributor.authorPhillips, Anna Cen_UK
dc.contributor.authorPainter, Rebecca Cen_UK
dc.contributor.authorCarroll, Douglasen_UK
dc.contributor.authorde Rooij, Susanne Ren_UK
dc.date.accessioned2019-11-01T01:00:14Z-
dc.date.available2019-11-01T01:00:14Z-
dc.date.issued2016-06en_UK
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1893/30388-
dc.description.abstractRecent evidence demonstrates that individuals with low heart rate (HR) reactions to acute psychological stress are more likely to be obese or smokers. Smoking and obesity are established risk factors for increased carotid intima‐media thickness (IMT). The aim of this study was to examine the potential pathways linking intima‐media thickness, smoking, body mass index (BMI), and HR stress reactivity. A total of 552 participants, 47.6% male, M (SD) age = 58.3 (0.94) years, were exposed to three psychological stress tasks (Stroop, mirror drawing, and speech) preceded by a resting baseline period; HR was recorded throughout. HR reactivity was calculated as the average response across the three tasks minus average baseline HR. Smoking status, BMI, and IMT were determined by trained personnel. Controlling for important covariates (e.g., socioeconomic status), structural equation modeling revealed that BMI and smoking mediated the negative relationship between HR reactivity and IMT. The hypothesized model demonstrated a good overall fit to the data, χ2(8) = 0.692, p = .403; CFI = 1.00; TLI = 1.00 SRMR = .01; RMSEA en_UK
dc.language.isoenen_UK
dc.publisherWileyen_UK
dc.relationGinty AT, Williams SE, Jones A, Roseboom TJ, Phillips AC, Painter RC, Carroll D & de Rooij SR (2016) Diminished heart rate reactivity to acute psychological stress is associated with enhanced carotid intima-media thickness through adverse health behaviors: Heart rate reactivity and intima-media thickness. Psychophysiology, 53 (6), pp. 769-775. https://doi.org/10.1111/psyp.12640en_UK
dc.rightsThis is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Ginty, A. T., Williams, S. E., Jones, A. , Roseboom, T. J., Phillips, A. C., Painter, R. C., Carroll, D. and de Rooij, S. R. (2016), Diminished heart rate reactivity to acute psychological stress is associated with enhanced carotid intima‐media thickness through adverse health behaviors. Psychophysiol, 53: 769-775, which has been published in final form at https://doi.org/10.1111/psyp.12640. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for self-archiving.en_UK
dc.rights.urihttps://storre.stir.ac.uk/STORREEndUserLicence.pdfen_UK
dc.subjectHeart rate reactivityen_UK
dc.subjectStressen_UK
dc.subjectBody mass indexen_UK
dc.subjectSmokingen_UK
dc.subjectIntima‐media thicknessen_UK
dc.titleDiminished heart rate reactivity to acute psychological stress is associated with enhanced carotid intima-media thickness through adverse health behaviors: Heart rate reactivity and intima-media thicknessen_UK
dc.typeJournal Articleen_UK
dc.identifier.doi10.1111/psyp.12640en_UK
dc.identifier.pmid27005834en_UK
dc.citation.jtitlePsychophysiologyen_UK
dc.citation.issn1469-8986en_UK
dc.citation.issn0048-5772en_UK
dc.citation.volume53en_UK
dc.citation.issue6en_UK
dc.citation.spage769en_UK
dc.citation.epage775en_UK
dc.citation.publicationstatusPublisheden_UK
dc.citation.peerreviewedRefereeden_UK
dc.type.statusAM - Accepted Manuscripten_UK
dc.contributor.funderUniversity of Birminghamen_UK
dc.author.emaila.c.whittaker@stir.ac.uken_UK
dc.citation.date23/03/2016en_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Pittsburghen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Birminghamen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity College Londonen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Amsterdamen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Birminghamen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Amsterdamen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Birminghamen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Amsterdamen_UK
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000378939700001en_UK
dc.identifier.scopusid2-s2.0-84961774505en_UK
dc.identifier.wtid1414344en_UK
dc.contributor.orcid0000-0002-5461-0598en_UK
dc.date.accepted2016-02-15en_UK
dc.description.refREF Compliant by Deposit in Stirling's Repositoryen_UK
dc.date.filedepositdate2019-07-19en_UK
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