Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/29811
Appears in Collections:Law and Philosophy Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Picture this: A review of research relating to narrative processing by moving image versus language
Author(s): Jajdelska, Elspeth
Anderson, Miranda
Butler, Christopher
Fabb, Nigel
Finnigan, Elizabeth
Garwood, Ian
Kelly, Steve
Kirk, Wendy
Kukkonen, Karin
Mullally, Sinead
Schwan, Stephan
Keywords: narrative
media
reading
film
fiction
comprehension
literature
cognitive humanities
Issue Date: 26-Jun-2019
Citation: Jajdelska E, Anderson M, Butler C, Fabb N, Finnigan E, Garwood I, Kelly S, Kirk W, Kukkonen K, Mullally S & Schwan S (2019) Picture this: A review of research relating to narrative processing by moving image versus language. Frontiers in Psychology, 10 p. 15, Art. No.: 1161. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.01161
Abstract: Reading fiction for pleasure is robustly correlated with improved cognitive attainment and other benefits. It is also in decline among young people in developed nations, in part because of competition from moving image fiction. We review existing research on the differences between reading or hearing verbal fiction and watching moving image fiction, as well as looking more broadly at research on image or text interactions and visual versus verbal processing. We conclude that verbal narrative generates more diverse responses than moving image narrative. We note that reading and viewing narrative are different tasks, with different cognitive loads. Viewing moving image narrative mostly involves visual processing with some working memory engagement, whereas reading narrative involves verbal processing, visual imagery and personal memory (Xu et al 2005). Attempts to compare the two suggest that existing research is flawed as attempts to create equivalent stimuli and task-demands face a number of challenges. We discuss the difficulties of such comparative approaches. We then investigate the possibility of identifying lower-level processing mechanisms that might distinguish cognition of the two media, and propose internal scene construction and working memory as foci for future research. Although many of the sources we draw on concentrate on English-speaking participants in European or North American settings, we also cover material relating to speakers of Dutch, German, Hebrew and Japanese in their respective countries, and studies of a remote Turkish mountain community.
DOI Link: 10.3389/fpsyg.2019.01161
Rights: © 2019 Jajdelska, Anderson, Butler, Fabb, Finnigan, Garwood, Kelly, Kirk, Kukkonen, Mullally and Schwan. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY - https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

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