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Appears in Collections:Faculty of Health Sciences and Sport Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Effects of Brief Mindfulness-Based Interventions on Health-Related Outcomes: a Systematic Review
Author(s): Howarth, Ana
Smith, Jared
Perkins-Porras, Linda
Ussher, Michael
Keywords: Mindfulness
Brief interventions
Systematic review
Health outcomes
Issue Date: Oct-2019
Date Deposited: 17-Jun-2019
Citation: Howarth A, Smith J, Perkins-Porras L & Ussher M (2019) Effects of Brief Mindfulness-Based Interventions on Health-Related Outcomes: a Systematic Review. Mindfulness, 10 (10), pp. 1957-1968.
Abstract: Objectives Traditional mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) have been applied successfully across many populations. The time commitment for these programs is often a barrier, and while brief MBIs have become popular, the impact of these on healthrelated outcomes is unclear as they have not yet been reviewed. Methods A search of databases, including Medline, Embase, and PsycINFO, was conducted with qualitative and case studies being excluded. Findings were summarized using a narrative approach for all studies that met the inclusion criteria. Results With one exception, all 85 studies that were included were randomized controlled trials and were relatively robust methodologically. Seventy-nine reported significant positive effects on at least one health-related outcome and over a quarter targeted a clinical population. The majority of studies focused on psychological outcomes, such as anxiety and depression, as well as emotion regulation, stress, and cognitive outcomes. Conclusions Despite heterogeneity of outcomes across studies, there is evidence that brief MBIs can impact numerous healthrelated outcomes, after only one session and with interventions as brief as 5 min. These interventions have the potential to be the initial steps leading to sustainable and positive health outcomes.
DOI Link: 10.1007/s12671-019-01163-1
Rights: © The Author(s) 2019 This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons At tribution 4.0 International License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.
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