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Appears in Collections:Faculty of Health Sciences and Sport Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Pilot randomised controlled trial of a brief mindfulness-based intervention for those with persistent pain
Author(s): Howarth, Ana
Riaz, Muhammad
Perkins-Porras, Linda
Smith, Jared G
Subramaniam, Jeevakan
Copland, Claire
Hurley, Mike
Beith, Iain
Ussher, M.
Keywords: Persistent pain
Randomised controlled trial
Issue Date: Dec-2019
Date Deposited: 9-May-2019
Citation: Howarth A, Riaz M, Perkins-Porras L, Smith JG, Subramaniam J, Copland C, Hurley M, Beith I & Ussher M (2019) Pilot randomised controlled trial of a brief mindfulness-based intervention for those with persistent pain. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 42 (6), pp. 999-1014.
Abstract: A pilot-randomised controlled trial (RCT) examined the effects of a brief mindfulness-based intervention (MBI) on persistent pain patients and assessed the feasibility of conducting a definitive RCT. A brief (15 min) mindfulness body-scan audio was compared with an active control administered in a clinic and then used independently over 1 month. Immediate effects of the intervention were assessed with brief measures of pain severity, distraction and distress. Assessments at baseline, 1 week and 1 month included pain severity and interference, mood, pain-catastrophizing, mindfulness, self-efficacy, quality of life and intervention acceptability. Of 220 referred patients, 147 were randomised and 71 completed all assessments. There were no significant immediate intervention effects. There were significant positive effects for ratings of intervention ‘usefulness’ at 1 week (p = 0.044), and pain self-efficacy at 1 month (p = 0.039) for the MBI group compared with control. Evidently, it is feasible to recruit persistent pain patients to a brief MBI study. Strategies are needed to maximise retention of participants.
DOI Link: 10.1007/s10865-019-00040-5
Rights: © The Author(s) 2019 This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.
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