Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/29294
Appears in Collections:Communications, Media and Culture Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Developing health information literacy in disengaged at-risk populations: Insights to inform interventions
Author(s): Buchanan, Steven
Nicol, Emma
Contact Email: s.j.buchanan@stir.ac.uk
Keywords: Information literacy
Health education
Health information literacy
Mothers
Information behaviour
Information intermediary
Issue Date: 2019
Citation: Buchanan S & Nicol E (2019) Developing health information literacy in disengaged at-risk populations: Insights to inform interventions. Journal of Documentation, 75 (1), pp. 172-189. https://doi.org/10.1108/jd-06-2018-0086
Abstract: Purpose The purpose of this paper is to advance our understanding of the challenges of health information literacy (IL) education in disadvantaged and disengaged at-risk populations; and from the perspective of professionals out with information professions occupying everyday support roles. Design/methodology/approach A qualitative in-depth case study. The participants were a team of UK Family Nurses providing outreach support to young expectant mothers from areas of multiple deprivations, and the mothers themselves. The data collection methods were observation, survey, interviews and focus groups. Findings Information needs of mothers are multiple, and not always recognised as information problems, or revealed. Several felt overwhelmed, and actively avoided health information. There is low awareness and/or use of state sources of online health information. Family nurses provide an important information intermediary role, but are unfamiliar with IL concepts and models; consequently, there is limited evidence of client transitions to independent information seeking, or underpinning pedagogical practices to achieve such goals. Research limitations/implications Further research is required into appropriate pedagogical approaches to IL education adaptable to semi-structured everyday situations. Recognition of information need requires particular attention, including methods of elicitation and specification in the problematic context. Practical implications In an era of digital transitions and public service reforms, the authors raise important questions regarding the true reach of public health policy. Originality/value The paper holistically examines nurse–client information behaviours, and extends the discussion of low IL in nurses beyond issues of evidence-based practice to issues of developing healthcare self-efficacy in at-risk clients.
DOI Link: 10.1108/jd-06-2018-0086
Rights: Publisher policy allows this work to be made available in this repository. Buchanan S & Nicol E (2019) Developing health information literacy in disengaged at-risk populations: Insights to inform interventions. Journal of Documentation, 75 (1), pp. 172-189. https://doi.org/10.1108/jd-06-2018-0086. Copyright Emerald. This article is deposited under the Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial International Licence 4.0 (CC BY-NC 4.0). Any reuse is allowed in accordance with the terms outlined by the licence (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/). To reuse the AAM for commercial purposes, permission should be sought by contacting permissions@emeraldinsight.com.

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