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Appears in Collections:Faculty of Health Sciences and Sport Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: A grounded theory of positive youth development through sport based on results from a qualitative meta-study
Author(s): Holt, Nicholas L
Neely, Kacey C
Slater, Linda G
Camiré, Martin
Côté, Jean
Fraser-Thomas, Jessica
MacDonald, Dany
Strachan, Leisha
Tamminen, Katherine A
Keywords: Children
life skills
Issue Date: 2017
Citation: Holt NL, Neely KC, Slater LG, Camiré M, Côté J, Fraser-Thomas J, MacDonald D, Strachan L & Tamminen KA (2017) A grounded theory of positive youth development through sport based on results from a qualitative meta-study. International Review of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 10 (1), pp. 1-49.
Abstract: The overall purpose of this study was to create a model of positive youth development (PYD) through sport grounded in the extant qualitative literature. More specifically, the first objective was to review and evaluate qualitative studies of PYD in sport. The second objective was to analyze and synthesize findings from these studies. Following record identification and screening, 63 articles were retained for analysis. Meta-method analysis revealed strengths of studies were the use of multiple data collection and validity techniques, which produced high-quality data. Weaknesses were limited use of ‘named’ methodologies and inadequate reporting of sampling procedures. Philosophical perspectives were rarely reported, and theory was used sparingly. Results of an inductive meta-data analysis produced three categories: PYD climate (adult relationships, peer relationships, and parental involvement), life skills program focus (life skill building activities and transfer activities), and PYD outcomes (in personal, social, and physical domains). A model that distinguishes between implicit and explicit processes to PYD is presented.
DOI Link: 10.1080/1750984x.2016.1180704
Rights: © 2016 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives License (, which permits non-commercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, and is not altered, transformed, or built upon in any way.

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