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Appears in Collections:Faculty of Social Sciences Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Factors motivating the use of respiratory protection against volcanic ashfall: A comparative analysis of communities in Japan, Indonesia and Mexico
Author(s): Covey, Judith
Horwell, Claire
Rachmawati, Lakshmi
Ogawa, Ryoichi
Martin-del Pozzo, Ana Lillian
Armienta, Maria Aurora
Nugroho, Fentiny
Dominelli, Lena
Keywords: Threat appraisal
Coping appraisal
Volcanic ash
Respiratory protection
Risk perception
Protection motivation
Issue Date: 16-Jan-2019
Citation: Covey J, Horwell C, Rachmawati L, Ogawa R, Martin-del Pozzo AL, Armienta MA, Nugroho F & Dominelli L (2019) Factors motivating the use of respiratory protection against volcanic ashfall: A comparative analysis of communities in Japan, Indonesia and Mexico (Forthcoming/Available Online). International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction.
Abstract: Communities living near active volcanoes may be exposed to respiratory hazards from volcanic ash. Understanding their perception of the risks and the actions they take to mitigate against those risks is important for developing effective communication strategies. To investigate this issue, the first comparative study of risk perceptions and use of respiratory protection was conducted on 2003 residents affected by active volcanoes from three countries: Japan (Sakurajima volcano), Indonesia (Merapi and Kelud volcanoes) and Mexico (Popocat├ępetl volcano). The study was designed to test the explanatory value of a theoretical framework which hypothesized that use of respiratory protection (i.e., facemask) would be motivated by two cognitive constructs from protection motivation theory: threat appraisal (i.e., perceptions of harm/ worry about ash inhalation) and coping appraisal (i.e., beliefs about mask efficacy). Using structural equation modelling (SEM), important differences in the predictive ability of the constructs were found between countries. For example, perceptions of harm/ worry were stronger predictors of mask use in Japan and Indonesia than they were in Mexico where beliefs about mask efficacy were more important. The SEM also identified differences in the demographic variants of mask use in each country and how they were mediated by the cognitive constructs. Findings such as these highlight the importance of contextualising our understanding of protection motivation and, thus, the value of developing targeted approaches to promote precautionary behaviour.
DOI Link: 10.1016/j.ijdrr.2019.101066
Rights: This article is available under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY) ( You may copy and distribute the article, create extracts, abstracts and new works from the article, alter and revise the article, text or data mine the article and otherwise reuse the article commercially (including reuse and/or resale of the article) without permission from Elsevier. You must give appropriate credit to the original work, together with a link to the formal publication through the relevant DOI and a link to the Creative Commons user license above. You must indicate if any changes are made but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses you or your use of the work.
Notes: Output Status: Forthcoming/Available Online
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