Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/29032
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Health Sciences and Sport Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Haemodynamic reactions to acute psychological stress and smoking status in a large community sample
Author(s): Phillips, Anna C
Der, Geoff
Hunt, Kate
Carroll, Douglas
Keywords: Acute psychological stress
Blood pressure
Cardiovascular reactivity
Heart rate
Smoking
Issue Date: Sep-2009
Citation: Phillips AC, Der G, Hunt K & Carroll D (2009) Haemodynamic reactions to acute psychological stress and smoking status in a large community sample. International Journal of Psychophysiology, 73 (3), pp. 273-278. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijpsycho.2009.04.005
Abstract: Exaggerated haemodynamic reactions to acute psychological stress have been implicated in a number of adverse health outcomes. This study examined, in a large community sample, the cross-sectional associations between haemodynamic reactivity and self-reported smoking status. Blood pressure and heart rate were measured at rest and in response to a 3-minute arithmetic stress task. Participants were classified as current, ex-, or non-smokers by their response to a simple prompt. Smokers had significantly smaller SBP and DBP reactions to acute stress than ex- and non-smokers; current and ex-smokers had lower HR reactivity. These effects remained significant following adjustment for a host of variables likely to be associated with reactivity and/or smoking. Although the act of smoking acutely increases haemodynamic activity, the present findings contribute to a growing body of literature showing that smokers have blunted reactivity to mental stress. They also support the hypothesis that blunted reactivity may be characteristic of a range of dependencies. The present results also suggest that smoking status needs to be considered in the design and analysis of stress reactivity studies. © 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
DOI Link: 10.1016/j.ijpsycho.2009.04.005
Rights: This article is available under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/) You may distribute and copy the article, create extracts, abstracts, and other revised versions, adaptations or derivative works of or from an article (such as a translation), to include in a collective work (such as an anthology), to text or data mine the article, including for commercial purposes without permission from Elsevier. The original work must always be appropriately credited.
Licence URL(s): http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

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