Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/29031
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Health Sciences and Sport Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Reporting of MMR evidence in professional publications: 1988-2007
Author(s): Hilton, Shona
Hunt, Kate
Langan, Mairi
Hamilton, Val
Petticrew, Mark
Issue Date: 21-Oct-2009
Citation: Hilton S, Hunt K, Langan M, Hamilton V & Petticrew M (2009) Reporting of MMR evidence in professional publications: 1988-2007. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 94 (11), pp. 831-833. https://doi.org/10.1136/adc.2008.154310
Abstract: Objective: To examine how journals and magazines disseminate research evidence and guidance on best practice to health professionals by aligning commentaries on measles, mumps, and rubella vaccine (MMR) evidence in journals with key events in the MMR controversy. Design: Content analysis. Data sources: Comment articles in six commonly read UK publications. Main outcome measures: Number of comment pieces by publication, year and article type; trends in the focus, tone and inclusion of recommendations on MMR. Results: 860 articles met the inclusion criteria (BMJ n = 104, Community Practitioner n = 45, Health Visitor n = 24, Practice Nurse n = 61, Nursing Standard n = 61 and Pulse n = 565). Of these 860 comment pieces, 264 made some reference to evidence endorsing the safety of MMR. Around one in 10 were rated as negative (10.9%, n = 29) or neutral (11.3%, n = 30) in relation to MMR safety, and nearly a quarter (22.7%, n = 60) were rated as mixed. Following the publication of Wakefield et al's 1998 paper there was a period of neutrality. In 2000, despite growing public concerns and widespread media coverage, fewer than 20 comment pieces were published. Less than a quarter of comment pieces (n = 196, 22.7%) included recommendations. Conclusion: While a period of neutrality may reflect a professional response to uncertainty by holding back until consensus emerges, it may also represent a missed opportunity to promote evidence-based practice.
DOI Link: 10.1136/adc.2008.154310
Rights: © Hilton et al 2009 This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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