Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/29020
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Health Sciences and Sport Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Blunted cardiac reactions to acute psychological stress predict symptoms of depression five years later: Evidence from a large community study
Author(s): Hunt, Kate
Phillips, Anna
Der, Geoff
Carroll, Douglas
Contact Email: kate.hunt@stir.ac.uk
Keywords: Blood pressure
Depression
Heart rate
Psychological stress
Prospective study
Issue Date: Jan-2011
Citation: Hunt K, Phillips A, Der G & Carroll D (2011) Blunted cardiac reactions to acute psychological stress predict symptoms of depression five years later: Evidence from a large community study. Psychophysiology, 48 (1), pp. 142-148. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-8986.2010.01045.x
Abstract: We recently reported a cross-sectional negative relationship between cardiovascular reactivity and depressive symptoms. The present analyses examined the prospective association between reactivity and symptoms of depression 5 years later. At the earlier time point, depressive symptoms, measured using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), and cardiovascular reactions to a standard mental stress were measured in 1,608 adults comprising three distinct age cohorts: 24-, 44-, and 63-year-olds. Depression was reassessed using the HADS 5 years later. Heart rate reactions to acute psychological stress were negatively associated with subsequent depressive symptoms; the lower the reactivity the higher the depression scores. This association withstood adjustment for symptom scores at the earlier time point and for sociodemographic factors and medication status. The mechanisms underlying this prospective relationship remain to be determined.
DOI Link: 10.1111/j.1469-8986.2010.01045.x
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