Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/28566
Appears in Collections:History and Politics Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Deciduous Enamel 3D Microwear Texture Analysis as an Indicator of Childhood Diet in Medieval Canterbury
Author(s): Mahoney, Patrick
Schmidt, Christopher
Deter, Chris
Remy, Ashley
Slavin, Philip
Johns, Sarah E
Miszkiewicz, Justyna J
Nystrom, Pia
Keywords: dental microwear
medieval childhood diet
Issue Date: 29-Feb-2016
Citation: Mahoney P, Schmidt C, Deter C, Remy A, Slavin P, Johns SE, Miszkiewicz JJ & Nystrom P (2016) Deciduous Enamel 3D Microwear Texture Analysis as an Indicator of Childhood Diet in Medieval Canterbury. Journal of Archaeological Science, 66, pp. 128-136. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jas.2016.01.007.
Abstract: This study conducted the first three dimensional microwear texture analysis of human deciduous teeth to reconstruct the physical properties of medieval childhood diet (age 1-8yrs) at St Gregory's Priory and Cemetery (11th to 16th century AD) in Canterbury, England. Occlusal texture complexity surfaces of maxillary molars from juvenile skeletons (n = 44) were examined to assess dietary hardness. Anisotropy values were calculated to reconstruct dietary toughness, as well as jaw movements during chewing. Evidence of weaning was sought, and variation in the physical properties of food was assessed against age and socio-economic status. Results indicate that weaning had already commenced in the youngest children. Diet became tougher from four years of age, and harder from age six. Variation in microwear texture surfaces was related to historical textual evidence that refers to lifestyle developments for these age groups. Diet did not vary with socio-economic status, which differs to previously reported patterns for adults. We conclude, microwear texture analyses can provide a non-destructive tool for revealing subtle aspects of childhood diet in the past.
DOI Link: 10.1016/j.jas.2016.01.007
Rights: Accepted refereed manuscript of: Mahoney P, Schmidt C, Deter C, Remy A, Slavin P, Johns SE, Miszkiewicz JJ & Nystrom P (2016) Deciduous Enamel 3D Microwear Texture Analysis as an Indicator of Childhood Diet in Medieval Canterbury. Journal of Archaeological Science, 66, pp. 128-136. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jas.2016.01.007 © 2016, Elsevier. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/

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