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Appears in Collections:Faculty of Health Sciences and Sport Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: A simple framework for analysing the impact of economic growth on non-communicable diseases
Author(s): Cohen, Ivan K
Ferretti, Fabrizio
McIntosh, Bryan
Keywords: Economic growth
Engel's functions
Health production function
Non-communicable diseases
Social determinants of health
Issue Date: 31-Dec-2015
Citation: Cohen IK, Ferretti F & McIntosh B (2015) A simple framework for analysing the impact of economic growth on non-communicable diseases. Cogent Economics and Finance, 3 (1), Art. No.: 1045215.
Abstract: Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are currently the leading cause ofdeath worldwide. In this paper, we examine the channels through which economicgrowth affects NCDs’ epidemiology. Following a production function approach, wedevelop a basic technique to break up the impact of economic growth on NCDs intothree fundamental components: (1) a resource effect; (2) a behaviour effect; and (3)a knowledge effect. We demonstrate that each of these effects can be measured asthe product of two elasticities, the output and income elasticity of the three leadingfactors influencing the frequency of NCDs in any population: health care, healthrelatedbehaviours and lifestyle, and medical knowledge.
DOI Link: 10.1080/23322039.2015.1045215
Rights: © 2015 The Author(s). This open access article is distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) 4.0 license You are free to: Share — copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format. Adapt — remix, transform, and build upon the material for any purpose, even commercially. The licensor cannot revoke these freedoms as long as you follow the license terms. Under the following terms: Attribution — You must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. You may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses you or your use. No additional restrictions You may not apply legal terms or technological measures that legally restrict others from doing anything the license permits.

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