Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/27277
Appears in Collections:Management, Work and Organisation Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Time Perspective and All-Cause Mortality: Evidence from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing
Author(s): Daly, Michael
Hall, Peter
Allan, Julia
Contact Email: michaeldaly1@gmail.com
Keywords: time perspective
time preference
health
mortality
smoking
physical activity
Issue Date: 1-May-2019
Citation: Daly M, Hall P & Allan J (2019) Time Perspective and All-Cause Mortality: Evidence from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 53 (5), pp. 486-492. https://doi.org/10.1093/abm/kay046
Abstract: Background: Long-term future thinking has been associated with a range of favorable health behaviors. However, it is currently unclear whether this translates into an effect on morbidity and mortality. Purpose: The goal of this study was to study the relationship between time perspective and all-cause mortality and to examine the role of health behavior in explaining this association. Methods: Participants (n = 9,949) aged 50 and over from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing, a representative cohort of older English adults, estimated the length of their personal time horizon for financial planning (time perspective). 2,092 deaths were recorded over a 9-year follow-up period (2002/2003-2012). Smoking, physical activity, and alcohol consumption were examined as factors that may underlie the time perspective–mortality link. Results: Our prospective survival analyses showed that those who tend to plan for longer periods experienced a significantly reduced risk of all-cause mortality (HR = 0.83; 95% CI; 0.80, 0.87, p < .001 per 1-SD increase in future time perspective). This association remained after adjusting for baseline socioeconomic status and health (HR = 0.92; 95% CI; 0.88, 0.97, p < .001). The link between time perspective and mortality was observed across the gradient of financial circumstances and did not appear to be due to reverse causality. Healthy behavior among the more future orientated explained 34% of the link between time perspective and mortality. Conclusions: Using a simply administered indicator of time perspective this study suggests that a future-orientated time perspective may be an important predictor of reduced risk of death.
DOI Link: 10.1093/abm/kay046
Rights: This item has been embargoed for a period. During the embargo please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author. You can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study. This is a pre-copyedited, author-produced version of an article accepted for publication in Annals of Behavioral Medicine following peer review. The version of record Daly M, Hall P & Allan J (2019) Time Perspective and All-Cause Mortality: Evidence from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 53 (5), pp. 486-492 is available online at: https://doi.org/10.1093/abm/kay046
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