Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Health Sciences and Sport Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Why students leave in the UK: an integrative review of the international research literature
Author(s): Cameron, Joan
Roxburgh, Michelle
Taylor, Julie
Lauder, William
Contact Email:
Keywords: education programme
Nursing Study and teaching Great Britain
Midwifery Study and teaching Great Britain
College dropouts Great Britain Prevention
Motivation in adult education
Issue Date: Apr-2011
Citation: Cameron J, Roxburgh M, Taylor J & Lauder W (2011) Why students leave in the UK: an integrative review of the international research literature. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 20 (7-8), pp. 1086-1096.
Abstract: Abstract Aims and objectives. The purpose of this integrative review of the literature was to find and review research studies which explored student attrition to determine what is known about the topic and to identify gaps in the research. Background. Attrition from nursing and midwifery programmes is a serious international problem. It is recognised as being a complex phenomenon, not attributable to a single cause, but to multiple reasons. Regardless of actual attrition rates and trends, departments of nursing and midwifery are challenged to perform in a businesslike manner. Consequently every student lost to a programme of study equates to a financial penalty for the department and to the future workforce and community. Design. Integrative review of the literature. Method. Using electronic databases and specific search terms 21 articles were identified and reviewed. Findings from the identified research literature were analysed using qualitative content analysis. Results. Four broad themes that accounted for factors of relevance to attrition were identified: Social; Prediction; Programme and Personal. Conclusions. Methodological problems abound in studies into retention. These include incomplete or inaccurate data and low response rates. Attrition early in programmes can be attributed to a failure to understand the roles of nurses and midwives in contemporary societies. This has led to dissatisfaction with programmes and academic failure, as students may underestimate the intellectual demands of their programmes. Attrition later in the programme is attributed to a combination of personal factors that culminate in a personal crisis. Relevance to clinical practice. The research literature suggests that stereotyping of nurses is a major factor in attrition. Both professions need to find ways of communicating contemporary roles to wider society
DOI Link: 10.1111/j.1365-2702.2010.03328.x
Rights: The publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository. Please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author; you can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study.

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
WHYSLPAPER.pdfFulltext - Published Version101.47 kBAdobe PDFUnder Embargo until 2999-12-30    Request a copy

Note: If any of the files in this item are currently embargoed, you can request a copy directly from the author by clicking the padlock icon above. However, this facility is dependent on the depositor still being contactable at their original email address.

This item is protected by original copyright

Items in the Repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.

If you believe that any material held in STORRE infringes copyright, please contact providing details and we will remove the Work from public display in STORRE and investigate your claim.