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Appears in Collections:Faculty of Social Sciences Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Microclass immobility during industrialisation in the USA and Norway
Author(s): Griffiths, Dave
Lambert, Paul
Zijdeman, Richard
van Leeuwen, Marco H D
Maas, Ineke
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Keywords: Microclasses
Social reproduction
Social mobility
Historical occupations
Issue Date: 1-May-2019
Date Deposited: 2-May-2018
Citation: Griffiths D, Lambert P, Zijdeman R, van Leeuwen MHD & Maas I (2019) Microclass immobility during industrialisation in the USA and Norway. Acta Sociologica, 62 (2), pp. 193-210.
Abstract: The ‘microclass' approach advocated by Grusky, Weeden and colleagues emphasises fine-grained occupational differences and their relevance to social reproduction and social mobility. Using recent developments in historical occupational classifications, we apply a microclass approach to the analysis of intergenerational social mobility using linked census data for Norway and the USA in the late 19th and early 20th century (1850-1910). We describe a procedure that offers an operationalisation of microclass units for these datasets, and show how its application enables us to disentangle different forms of immobility which would not be distinguished in other approaches. Results suggest that microclass immobility is an important part of social reproduction in both Norway and the United States during the era of industrialisation. Both countries reveal a similar balance between ‘big class' and ‘microclass' immobility patterns. In Norway, the relative importance of microclasses in social reproduction regimes, when compared to the role of ‘big class' structures, seems to decline very slightly over the course of industrialisation, but in the USA the relative importance of microclasses seems if anything to increase over the period.
DOI Link: 10.1177/0001699318766231
Rights: Griffiths D, Lambert P, Zijdeman R, van Leeuwen MHD & Maas I, Microclass immobility during industrialisation in the USA and Norway, Acta Sociologica, 62 (2), pp. 193-210. Copyright © The Authors 2018. Reprinted by permission of SAGE Publications.
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