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dc.contributor.authorGray-Phillip, Gaileen_UK
dc.contributor.authorHuckle, Taisiaen_UK
dc.contributor.authorCallinan, Sarahen_UK
dc.contributor.authorParry, Charles D Hen_UK
dc.contributor.authorChaiyasong, Surasaken_UK
dc.contributor.authorCuong, Pham Vieten_UK
dc.contributor.authorMacKintosh, Anne Marieen_UK
dc.contributor.authorMeier, Petraen_UK
dc.contributor.authorKazantseva, Elenaen_UK
dc.contributor.authorPiazza, Marinaen_UK
dc.contributor.authorParker, Karlen_UK
dc.contributor.authorCasswell, Sallyen_UK
dc.description.abstractIntroduction and Aims:  Cross-country studies on alcohol purchasing and access are rare. We examined where and when people access alcohol to understand patterns of availability across a range of middle- and high-income countries.  Design and Methods:  Surveys of drinkers in the International Alcohol Control study in high-income countries (Australia, England, Scotland, New Zealand and St Kitts and Nevis) and middle-income countries (Mongolia, South Africa, Peru, Thailand and Vietnam) were analysed. Measures were: location of purchase from on-premise and take-away outlets, proportion of alcohol consumed on-premise versus take-away outlets, hours of purchase, access among underage drinkers and time to access alcohol.  Results:  On-premise purchasing was prevalent in the high-income countries. However, the vast majority of alcohol consumed in all countries, except St Kitts and Nevis (high-income), was take-away. Percentages of drinkers purchasing from different types of on-premise and take-away outlets varied between countries. Late purchasing was common in Peru and less common in Thailand and Vietnam. Alcohol was easily accessed by drinkers in all countries, including underage drinkers in the middle-income countries.  Discussion and Conclusions:  In nine out of 10 countries the vast majority of alcohol consumed was take-away. Alcohol was readily available and relatively easy for underage drinkers to access, particularly in the middle-income countries. Research is needed to assess the harms associated with take-away consumption including late at night. Attention is needed to address the easy access by underage drinkers in the middle-income countries which has been less of a focus than in high-income countries.en_UK
dc.relationGray-Phillip G, Huckle T, Callinan S, Parry CDH, Chaiyasong S, Cuong PV, MacKintosh AM, Meier P, Kazantseva E, Piazza M, Parker K & Casswell S (2018) Availability of alcohol: Location, time and ease of purchase in high- and middle-income countries: Data from the International Alcohol Control study. Drug and Alcohol Review, 37 (S2), pp. S36-S44.
dc.rights© 2018 The Authors Drug and Alcohol Review published by John Wiley & Sons Australia, Ltd on behalf of Australasian Professional Society on Alcohol and other Drugs This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution‐NonCommercial License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited and is not used for commercial purposes.en_UK
dc.subjectlocation, time and ease of purchaseen_UK
dc.subjectinternational alcohol control studyen_UK
dc.titleAvailability of alcohol: Location, time and ease of purchase in high- and middle-income countries: Data from the International Alcohol Control studyen_UK
dc.typeJournal Articleen_UK
dc.citation.jtitleDrug and Alcohol Reviewen_UK
dc.type.statusVoR - Version of Recorden_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationSt Kitts-Nevis National Council on Drug Abuse Preventionen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationMassey Universityen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationLa Trobe Universityen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Stellenbosch, South Africaen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationMahasarakham Universityen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationHanoi University of Public Healthen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationInstitute for Social Marketingen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationInstitute for Social Marketingen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationNational Center of Mental Health of Mongoliaen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationNational Institute on Drug Abuseen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationMassey Universityen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationMassey Universityen_UK
rioxxterms.apcnot requireden_UK
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Reviewen_UK
local.rioxx.authorGray-Phillip, Gaile|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorHuckle, Taisia|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorCallinan, Sarah|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorParry, Charles D H|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorChaiyasong, Surasak|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorCuong, Pham Viet|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorMacKintosh, Anne Marie|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorMeier, Petra|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorKazantseva, Elena|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorPiazza, Marina|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorParker, Karl|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorCasswell, Sally|en_UK
local.rioxx.projectInternal Project|University of Stirling|
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Health Sciences and Sport Journal Articles

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