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dc.contributor.authorSolmi, Marcoen_UK
dc.contributor.authorVeronese, Nicolaen_UK
dc.contributor.authorSergi, Giuseppeen_UK
dc.contributor.authorLuchini, Claudioen_UK
dc.contributor.authorFavaro, Angelaen_UK
dc.contributor.authorSantonastaso, Paoloen_UK
dc.contributor.authorVancampfort, Davyen_UK
dc.contributor.authorCorrell, Christoph Uen_UK
dc.contributor.authorUssher, Michaelen_UK
dc.contributor.authorThapa-Chhetri, Nitaen_UK
dc.contributor.authorFornaro, Micheleen_UK
dc.contributor.authorStubbs, Brendonen_UK
dc.description.abstractBackground and Aims: Cigarette smoking is associated with severe mental illness, including schizophrenia and bipolar disorder, and with morbidity and mortality, but the association with anorexia (AN), bulimia nervosa (BN) and binge eating disorder (BED) is unclear. This meta-analysis compared the odds of smoking in eating disorders (ED) (ED = AN or BN or BED) versus healthy controls (HC) and calculated the prevalence of smokers in people with ED.  Methods: Three independent authors searched PubMed, MEDLINE and Scopus from database inception until 31 December 2015 for studies reporting data on life-time or current smoking prevalence in BED, BN and AN with or without control group. Meta-analyses were undertaken, calculating odds ratios (ORs) of life-time smoking in BED, BN, AN versus healthy controls (HCs) or prevalence of smoking in BED, BN and AN with 95% confidence intervals (CI).  Results: Thirty-one studies (ED = 8517, controls = 68 335) were meta-analysed. Compared with HCs, there were significantly more smokers among people with BN (life-time OR = 2.165) and BED (life-time OR = 1.792) but not AN (life-time OR = 0.927). BED was associated with smoking the most (life-time prevalence = 47.73%) followed by BN (life-time prevalence = 39.4%) and AN (life-time prevalence = 30.8%). In BN, life-time smoking prevalence was highest in Europe. In AN, higher age moderated both life-time and current smoking prevalence, and body mass index moderated higher life-time smoking prevalence. In BN, female sex moderated higher life-time smoking prevalence.  Conclusions: People with binge eating disorder and bulimia nervosa are significantly more likely to be life-time smokers than healthy controls, which is not the case for anorexia nervosa.en_UK
dc.relationSolmi M, Veronese N, Sergi G, Luchini C, Favaro A, Santonastaso P, Vancampfort D, Correll CU, Ussher M, Thapa-Chhetri N, Fornaro M & Stubbs B (2016) The association between smoking prevalence and eating disorders: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Addiction, 111 (11), pp. 1914-1922.
dc.rightsThis is the peer reviewed version of the following article Solmi, M., Veronese, N., Sergi, G., Luchini, C., Favaro, A., Santonastaso, P., Vancampfort, D., Correll, C. U., Ussher, M., Thapa‐Chhetri, N., Fornaro, M., and Stubbs, B. (2016) The association between smoking prevalence and eating disorders: a systematic review and meta‐analysis. Addiction, 111: 1914–1922, which has been published in final form at . This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance With Wiley Terms and Conditions for self-archiving.en_UK
dc.subjectAnorexia nervosaen_UK
dc.subjectbinge eating disorderen_UK
dc.subjectbulimia nervosaen_UK
dc.subjecteating disordersen_UK
dc.titleThe association between smoking prevalence and eating disorders: a systematic review and meta-analysisen_UK
dc.typeJournal Articleen_UK
dc.type.statusAM - Accepted Manuscripten_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Paduaen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Paduaen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Paduaen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationVerona University and Hospital Trusten_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Paduaen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Paduaen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationKU Leuvenen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationHofstra Northwell School of Medicineen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationInstitute for Social Marketingen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationKaskiSewa Hospital and Research Centreen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationColumbia Universityen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationKing's College Londonen_UK
rioxxterms.apcnot requireden_UK
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Reviewen_UK
local.rioxx.authorSolmi, Marco|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorVeronese, Nicola|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorSergi, Giuseppe|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorLuchini, Claudio|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorFavaro, Angela|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorSantonastaso, Paolo|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorVancampfort, Davy|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorCorrell, Christoph U|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorUssher, Michael|0000-0002-0995-7955en_UK
local.rioxx.authorThapa-Chhetri, Nita|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorFornaro, Michele|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorStubbs, Brendon|en_UK
local.rioxx.projectInternal Project|University of Stirling|
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Health Sciences and Sport Journal Articles

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