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Appears in Collections:History and Politics Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Governor Francis Bernard, the Massachusetts Friends of Government, and the Advent of the Revolution
Author(s): Nicolson, Colin
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Keywords: American Revolution
Friends of Government
Francis Bernard
Imperial Crisis
Origins of the American Revolution
United States History Colonial period, ca. 1600-1775
American loyalists
Boston (Mass) Politics and government
Massachusetts Govenor (1760-1770 : Bernard)
Issue Date: 1991
Date Deposited: 14-Jan-2011
Citation: Nicolson C (1991) Governor Francis Bernard, the Massachusetts Friends of Government, and the Advent of the Revolution. Proceedings of the Massachusetts Historical Society, 103, pp. 24-113.
Abstract: This article examines the political bases of proto-Loyalism in before the American Revolution. It is based on a prosopography of 727 friends of government in Massachusetts and demonstrates that (a) they were a significant political presence during the administration of Gov. Francis Bernard, 1760-69; (b) they constituted a substantial body of opinion critical of the radical leadership of the colonial protest movement that emerged during the imperial crisis; (c) they represented a potential cadre for Loyalist counter-revolution; (d) the failure of the royal governors to build a coherent anti-revolutionary party explains the futility of counteracting the Revolution in Massachusetts in 1774-76.
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Notes: Page 108 has been omitted from the full text in STORRE.
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