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Appears in Collections:Faculty of Health Sciences and Sport Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Where science meets practice: Olympic coaches’ crafting of the tapering process
Author(s): Ritchie, Darren
Allen, Justine B
Kirkland, Andrew
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Keywords: Coaching process
applied sport science
psychological preparation
Issue Date: 31-Dec-2018
Citation: Ritchie D, Allen J & Kirkland A (2018) Where science meets practice: Olympic coaches’ crafting of the tapering process, Journal of Sports Sciences, 36 (10), pp. 1145-1154.
Abstract: Although there is research providing physiologically-based guidance for the content of the taper, this study was the first to examine how coaches actually implement the taper. The purpose of this study was to examine the taper planning and implementation processes of successful Olympic coaches leading up to major competitions and how they learned about tapering. Seven track and field coaches participated in semi-structured interviews exploring their tapering processes. To be considered for inclusion, coaches were required to have coached one or more athletes to an Olympic or Paralympic medal. Through a process of axial and open coding interview transcripts were analysed and lower and higher order themes developed describing the coaches’ tapering processes. Our findings indicate that the strategies employed to achieve the desired physiological adaptions of the taper were consistent with research (e.g., reduction in volume whilst maintaining intensity and frequency). However, our findings also suggest that tapering is far from a straight forward “textbook” process. The taper was not restricted to physiological outcomes with coaches considering athletes’ psychological as well as physical state. Coaches also involved the athlete in the process, adapted the taper to the athlete, continually monitored its progress, and adapted it further as required.
DOI Link: 10.1080/02640414.2017.1362717
Rights: This item has been embargoed for a period. During the embargo please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author. You can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study. This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis Group in Journal of Sports Sciences on 07 Aug 2017, available online:

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