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Appears in Collections:Faculty of Health Sciences and Sport Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Changing boundaries and Evolving Organizational Forms in Football: Novelty and Variety among Scottish Clubs
Author(s): Andrew, Adams
Morrow, Stephen
Ian, Thomson
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Issue Date: Mar-2017
Citation: Andrew A, Morrow S & Ian T (2017) Changing boundaries and Evolving Organizational Forms in Football: Novelty and Variety among Scottish Clubs, Journal of Sport Management, 31 (2), pp. 161-175.
Abstract: This paper presents a novel theoretical conceptualisation of football clubs and empirical evidence as to how supporter groups, owners and others engaged to resolve threats to their club. We use boundary theory to understand the evolution of two football clubs’ ownership, financing and governance structures, and demonstrate how the blurring of club boundaries was linked to engagements in interface areas between the club and other social groups. We argue that the appropriateness of different combinations of ownership, financing, and governance practices should be evaluated in terms of how they support effective engagement spaces that negotiate relationships with co-dependent social groups. Conceptualising football clubs as boundary objects provides some specific insights into changes observed in Scottish football clubs. However, this approach is relevant to other situations in which club success is dependent on co-operative engagements with multiple social groups that have both convergent and divergent interests in the club.
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Rights: ©2017 Human Kinetics, Inc. This article will be published in a forthcoming issue of the Journal of Sport Management. This article appears here in its accepted, peer-reviewed form, as it was provided by the submitting author. It has not been copy edited, proofed, or formatted by the publisher.

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