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Appears in Collections:Faculty of Health Sciences and Sport Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Exercise training comprising of single 20-s cycle sprints does not provide a sufficient stimulus for improving maximal aerobic capacity in sedentary individuals
Author(s): Songsorn, Preeyaphorn
Lambeth-Mansell, Anneliese
Mair, Jacqueline L
Haggett, Malindi
Fitzpatrick, Benjamin L
Ruffino, Jose Sofia
Holliday, Adrian
Metcalfe, Richard
Vollaard, Niels
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Keywords: VO2max
High-intensity interval training
Wingate sprint
Sprint interval
Issue Date: Aug-2016
Date Deposited: 10-Feb-2017
Citation: Songsorn P, Lambeth-Mansell A, Mair JL, Haggett M, Fitzpatrick BL, Ruffino JS, Holliday A, Metcalfe R & Vollaard N (2016) Exercise training comprising of single 20-s cycle sprints does not provide a sufficient stimulus for improving maximal aerobic capacity in sedentary individuals. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 116 (8), pp. 1511-1517.
Abstract: Purpose  Sprint interval training (SIT) provides a potent stimulus for improving maximal aerobic capacity (VO2max), which is among the strongest markers for future cardiovascular health and premature mortality. Cycling-based SIT protocols involving six or more ‘all-out’ 30-s Wingate sprints per training session improve VO2max, but we have recently demonstrated that similar improvements inVO2max can be achieved with as few as two 20-s sprints. This suggests that the volume of sprint exercise has limited influence on subsequent training adaptations. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to examine whether a single 20-s cycle sprint per training session can provide a sufficient stimulus for improving VO2max.  Methods  Thirty sedentary or recreationally active participants (10 men/20 women; mean ± SD age: 24 ± 6 years, BMI: 22.6 ± 4.0 kg m−2, VO2max: 33 ± 7 mL kg−1 min−1) were randomised to a training group or a no-intervention control group. Training involved three exercise sessions per week for 4 weeks, consisting of a single 20-s Wingate sprint (no warm-up or cool-down). VO2max was determined prior to training and 3 days following the final training session.  Results  Mean VO2max did not significantly change in the training group (2.15 ± 0.62 vs. 2.22 ± 0.64 L min−1) or the control group (2.07 ± 0.69 vs. 2.08 ± 0.68 L min−1; effect of time:P=0.17; group × time interaction effect: P = 0.26).  Conclusion  Although we have previously demonstrated that regularly performing two repeated 20-s ‘all-out’ cycle sprints provides a sufficient training stimulus for a robust increase in VO2max, our present study suggests that this is not the case when training sessions are limited to a single sprint.
DOI Link: 10.1007/s00421-016-3409-8
Rights: © The Author(s) 2016 This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.
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