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dc.contributor.authorOverbye, Marieen_UK
dc.contributor.authorKnudsen, Mette Len_UK
dc.contributor.authorPfister, Gertruden_UK
dc.description.abstractAim: This study aims to examine the circumstances which athletes say affect their (hypothetical) considerations of whether to dope or not and explore the differences between athletes of different gender, ageand sport type.  Methods: 645 elite athletes (mean age: 22.12; response rate: 43%) representing 40 sports completed aweb-based questionnaire. Participants were asked to imagine themselves in a situation in which theyhad to decide whether to dope or not to dope and then evaluate how different circumstances would affecttheir decisions.  Results: Multiple circumstances had an effect on athletes’ hypothetical decisions. The most effective deter-rents were related to legal and social sanctions, side-effects and moral considerations. Female athletesand younger athletes evaluated more reasons as deterrents than older, male athletes. When confrontedwith incentives to dope, the type of sport was often a more decisive factor. Top incentives were related toqualified medical assistance, improved health or faster recovery from injury, the low risk of being caughtand the threat posed to an elite career.  Conclusions: Our results reveal that numerous circumstances affect athletes’ thoughts on doping andathletes of different gender, age and sport type reacted differently to a variety of circumstances that maypotentially deter or trigger doping. Particularly notable findings were the potential role of doctors inathletes’ doping and that the current punitive anti-doping approach seems to deter athletes, althoughthe fear of social sanctions was almost as great a deterrent.  Implications: Anti-doping prevention strategies should be diversified to target specific groups of athletes.en_UK
dc.relationOverbye M, Knudsen ML & Pfister G (2013) To dope or not to dope: Elite athletes’ perceptions of doping deterrents and incentives. Performance Enhancement and Health, 2 (3), pp. 119-134.
dc.rightsThe publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository. Please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author. You can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study.en_UK
dc.subjectAnti-doping policyen_UK
dc.subjectElite athletesen_UK
dc.subjectSports medicineen_UK
dc.titleTo dope or not to dope: Elite athletes’ perceptions of doping deterrents and incentivesen_UK
dc.typeJournal Articleen_UK
dc.rights.embargoreason[To dope or not to dope Elite athletes?? perceptions of doping deterrents and incentives.pdf] The publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository therefore there is an embargo on the full text of the work.en_UK
dc.citation.jtitlePerformance Enhancement and Healthen_UK
dc.type.statusVoR - Version of Recorden_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Copenhagenen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Copenhagenen_UK
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Reviewen_UK
local.rioxx.authorOverbye, Marie|0000-0003-4066-6360en_UK
local.rioxx.authorKnudsen, Mette L|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorPfister, Gertrud|en_UK
local.rioxx.projectInternal Project|University of Stirling|
local.rioxx.filenameTo dope or not to dope Elite athletes?? perceptions of doping deterrents and incentives.pdfen_UK
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Health Sciences and Sport Journal Articles

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