Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/24368
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dc.contributor.authorOverbye, Marie-
dc.contributor.authorKnudsen, Mette L-
dc.contributor.authorPfister, Gertrud-
dc.date.accessioned2016-10-05T22:48:12Z-
dc.date.issued2013-09-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1893/24368-
dc.description.abstractAim: This study aims to examine the circumstances which athletes say affect their (hypothetical) considerations of whether to dope or not and explore the differences between athletes of different gender, ageand sport type.  Methods: 645 elite athletes (mean age: 22.12; response rate: 43%) representing 40 sports completed aweb-based questionnaire. Participants were asked to imagine themselves in a situation in which theyhad to decide whether to dope or not to dope and then evaluate how different circumstances would affecttheir decisions.  Results: Multiple circumstances had an effect on athletes’ hypothetical decisions. The most effective deter-rents were related to legal and social sanctions, side-effects and moral considerations. Female athletesand younger athletes evaluated more reasons as deterrents than older, male athletes. When confrontedwith incentives to dope, the type of sport was often a more decisive factor. Top incentives were related toqualified medical assistance, improved health or faster recovery from injury, the low risk of being caughtand the threat posed to an elite career.  Conclusions: Our results reveal that numerous circumstances affect athletes’ thoughts on doping andathletes of different gender, age and sport type reacted differently to a variety of circumstances that maypotentially deter or trigger doping. Particularly notable findings were the potential role of doctors inathletes’ doping and that the current punitive anti-doping approach seems to deter athletes, althoughthe fear of social sanctions was almost as great a deterrent.  Implications: Anti-doping prevention strategies should be diversified to target specific groups of athletes.en_UK
dc.language.isoen-
dc.publisherElsevier-
dc.relationOverbye M, Knudsen ML & Pfister G (2013) To dope or not to dope: Elite athletes’ perceptions of doping deterrents and incentives, Performance Enhancement and Health, 2 (3), pp. 119-134.-
dc.rightsThe publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository. Please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author. You can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study.-
dc.subjectAnti-doping policyen_UK
dc.subjectDopingen_UK
dc.subjectElite athletesen_UK
dc.subjectGenderen_UK
dc.subjectSports medicineen_UK
dc.titleTo dope or not to dope: Elite athletes’ perceptions of doping deterrents and incentivesen_UK
dc.typeJournal Articleen_UK
dc.rights.embargodate2999-12-31T00:00:00Z-
dc.rights.embargoreasonThe publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository therefore there is an embargo on the full text of the work.-
dc.identifier.doihttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.peh.2013.07.001-
dc.citation.jtitlePerformance Enhancement and Health-
dc.citation.issn2211-2669-
dc.citation.volume2-
dc.citation.issue3-
dc.citation.spage119-
dc.citation.epage134-
dc.citation.publicationstatusPublished-
dc.citation.peerreviewedRefereed-
dc.type.statusPublisher version (final published refereed version)-
dc.author.emailmarie.overbye@stir.ac.uk-
dc.citation.date05/08/2013-
dc.contributor.affiliationSport-
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Copenhagen-
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Copenhagen-
dc.rights.embargoterms2999-12-31-
dc.rights.embargoliftdate2999-12-31-
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Health Sciences and Sport Journal Articles

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