|Appears in Collections:||Faculty of Health Sciences and Sport Journal Articles|
|Peer Review Status:||Refereed|
|Title:||Do all sporting prizes have a significant positive impact on attendance in a European national football league? Competitive intensity in the French Ligue 1|
French Ligue 1
|Citation:||Scelles N, Durand C, Bonnal L, Goyeau D & Andreff W (2016) Do all sporting prizes have a significant positive impact on attendance in a European national football league? Competitive intensity in the French Ligue 1, Ekonomicheskaya Politika / Economic Policy, 11 (3), pp. 82-107.|
|Abstract:||This article investigates the determinants of attendance at French football Ligue 1 matches over the 2008–2011 period, with a focus on the effect of competitive intensity. This is measured by dummies that are functions of the point difference for the home team in relation to the different sporting prizes: title, qualification in UEFA (Union of European Football Associations) club competitions, relegation. The objective is to answer the following question: do all sporting prizes have a significant positive impact on attendance? We specified and estimated a standard attendance equation including 35 explanatory variables of which 9 are related to sporting prizes. The estimations are based on a Tobit model with individual cut-off points to allow for truncation of attendance at the upper bound given by stadia capacity (i. e. sold-out games). 1135 observations are included. Our results show that all sporting prizes have a significant positive impact on attendance. In particular, there is a significant impact of prs for potential qualification in the UEFA Europa League which are dependent on the outcome of domestic cups (known only in the last part of season). This research contributes to the optimization of competition format and knowledge on competitive intensity and determinants of attendance. It provides an argument in favor of current sporting prizes for managers in the main European national football leagues.|
|Rights:||Reproduction, republication, transfer or any other distribution or use of the paper in whole or in part should be accompanied by reference of the following form: Do all sporting prizes have a significant positive impact on attendance in a European national football league? (Competitive intensity in the French Ligue 1), Nicolas SCELLES, Christophe DURAND, Liliane BONNAL, Daniel GOYEAU and Wladimir ANDREFF, Economic Policy, Volume 11, Number 3, copyright ANO Editorial Board of the Journal Economic Policy, June 2016|
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