Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Health Sciences and Sport Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Predictors of superstitious beliefs
Author(s): Ofori, Patrick
Tod, David
Lavallee, David
Contact Email:
Keywords: Ghana
coping mechanism
personal control
primary control
secondary control
and positive and negative superstitious beliefs
Issue Date: 2017
Citation: Ofori P, Tod D & Lavallee D (2017) Predictors of superstitious beliefs. Journal of Psychology in Africa, 27 (1), pp. 1-12.;
Abstract: This study investigated whether relationships exist among personal control, coping mechanism, primary control, secondary control and superstitious beliefs. The participants were 375 Ghanaian student athletes (females = 44%). They completed measures of self-reported superstitious beliefs, personal control, coping mechanisms, primary and secondary control strategies. The data were analysed to evaluate the correlates of both positive and negative superstitious beliefs and how constructs of personal control, coping mechanisms and control strategies, predict positive and negative superstitious beliefs. The results indicated that personal control, coping mechanisms and control strategies were predictors of negative and positive superstitious beliefs. In the final model exaggerated internal control, God-mediated control, emotional support, and substance use were predictors of negative superstitions. Exaggerated internal control, substance use, emotional support and acceptance were predictors of positive superstitions. Athletes may activate different types of superstitious beliefs to cope and gain control in situations of uncertainty.
DOI Link: 10.1080/14330237.2016.1185909
Rights: This item has been embargoed for a period. During the embargo please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author. You can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study. This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis Group in Journal of Psychology in Africa on 04 Aug 2016, available online:

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
Predictors of Superstitious Beliefs (2).pdfFulltext - Accepted Version533.46 kBAdobe PDFView/Open

This item is protected by original copyright

Items in the Repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.

If you believe that any material held in STORRE infringes copyright, please contact providing details and we will remove the Work from public display in STORRE and investigate your claim.