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dc.contributor.authorCaldwell, Christine Annaen_UK
dc.contributor.editorMesoudi, Aen_UK
dc.contributor.editorAoki, Ken_UK
dc.description.abstractThe success of Homo sapiensĀ as a species may be explained, at least in part, by their learning abilities. The archaeological record suggests that the material culture of humans during the Palaeolithic was fluid and diverse. Social learning abilities may therefore have allowedHomo sapiensto adapt rapidly to novel or changeable environmental conditions. A capacity for cumulative cultural evolution is certainly apparent in all contemporary human societies, whereas it appears either absent or extremely rare in other extant species. Here I review laboratory studies of cumulative culture in modern adult humans, designed to shed light on the social information required for this type of learning to occur. Although it has been suggested that cumulative culture may depend on a capacity for imitation, we found that imitation (at least in the narrow sense of action copying) was not necessary for human participants to exhibit ratchet-like effects of improvement over learner generations. We discuss the need for high fidelity reproduction in cumulative culture (independent of action copying).en_UK
dc.relationCaldwell CA (2015) Experimental Studies of Cumulative Culture in Modern Humans: What Are the Requirements of the Ratchet?. In: Mesoudi A & Aoki K (eds.) Learning Strategies and Cultural Evolution during the Palaeolithic. Replacement of Neanderthals by Modern Humans Series. Tokyo: Springer, pp. 145-154.
dc.relation.ispartofseriesReplacement of Neanderthals by Modern Humans Seriesen_UK
dc.rightsThe publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository. Please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author. You can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study.en_UK
dc.subjectCultural evolutionen_UK
dc.subjectCumulative cultureen_UK
dc.subjectRatchet effecten_UK
dc.titleExperimental Studies of Cumulative Culture in Modern Humans: What Are the Requirements of the Ratchet?en_UK
dc.typePart of book or chapter of booken_UK
dc.rights.embargoreason[Caldwell2015LearningStrategiesBookChap - Ratchet requirements.pdf] The publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository therefore there is an embargo on the full text of the work.en_UK
dc.type.statusVoR - Version of Recorden_UK
dc.contributor.funderEconomic and Social Research Councilen_UK
dc.contributor.funderEconomic and Social Research Councilen_UK
dc.citation.btitleLearning Strategies and Cultural Evolution during the Palaeolithicen_UK
dc.relation.funderprojectAn experimental approach to studying cultural variation and convergenceen_UK
dc.relation.funderprojectTesting Hypotheses About Cumulative Cultural Evolutionen_UK
rioxxterms.typeBook chapteren_UK
local.rioxx.authorCaldwell, Christine Anna|0000-0001-7362-2554en_UK
local.rioxx.projectES/G021864/1|Economic and Social Research Council|
local.rioxx.projectRES-061-23-0072|Economic and Social Research Council|
local.rioxx.contributorMesoudi, A|en_UK
local.rioxx.contributorAoki, K|en_UK
local.rioxx.filenameCaldwell2015LearningStrategiesBookChap - Ratchet requirements.pdfen_UK
Appears in Collections:Psychology Book Chapters and Sections

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