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Appears in Collections:Faculty of Social Sciences Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: The prevalence of traumatic brain injury among young offenders in custody: a systematic review
Author(s): Hughes, Nathan
Williams, W Huw
Chitsabesan, Prathiba
Walesby, Rebecca
Mounce, Luke T A
Clasby, Betony
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Keywords: antisocial behavior
traumatic brain injury
young offenders
Issue Date: Mar-2015
Date Deposited: 30-May-2016
Citation: Hughes N, Williams WH, Chitsabesan P, Walesby R, Mounce LTA & Clasby B (2015) The prevalence of traumatic brain injury among young offenders in custody: a systematic review. Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation, 30 (2), pp. 94-105.
Abstract: Objectives: To examine the prevalence of traumatic brain injury (TBI) among young people in custody and to compare this with estimates within the general youth population.  Design: Systematic review of research from various national contexts. Included studies were assessed for the relevance of the definition of TBI and the research population, and the quality of the study design.  Results: Ten studies were identified for inclusion in the review. Four of these studies included control groups. No studies examining comorbidity of TBI and other neurodevelopmental disorders among incarcerated young people were identified.  Conclusion: Reported prevalence rates of brain injury among incarcerated youth range from 16.5% to 72.1%, with a rate of 100% reported among a sample of young people sentenced to death. This suggests considerable levels of need among incarcerated young people. Where control groups or directly comparable studies within the general population exist, there is strong and consistent evidence of a prevalence of TBI among incarcerated youth that is substantially greater than that in the general population. This disparity is seemingly more pronounced as the severity of the injury increases.
DOI Link: 10.1097/HTR.0000000000000124
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