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dc.contributor.authorJohnston, Derek W-
dc.contributor.authorBell, Cheryl-
dc.contributor.authorJones, Martyn C-
dc.contributor.authorFarquharson, Barbara-
dc.contributor.authorAllan, Julia L-
dc.contributor.authorSchofield, Patricia-
dc.contributor.authorRicketts, Ian-
dc.contributor.authorJohnston, Marie-
dc.description.abstractBackground  Stress in health care professionals may reflect both the work and appraisal of work and impacts on the individuals, their patients, colleagues and managers.  Purpose  The purpose of the present study is to examine physiological and psychological effects of stressors (tasks) and theory-based perceptions of work stressors within and between nurses in real time.  Methods  During two work shifts, 100 nurses rated experienced stress, affect, fatigue, theory-based measures of work stress and nursing tasks on electronic diaries every 90min, whereas heart rate and activity were measured continuously.  Results  Heart rate was associated with both demand and effort. Experienced stress was related to demand, control, effort and reward. Effort and reward interacted as predicted (but only within people). Results were unchanged when allowance was made for work tasks.  Conclusions  Real-time appraisals were more important than actual tasks in predicting both psychological and physiological correlates of stress. At times when effort was high, perceived reward reduced stress.en_UK
dc.relationJohnston DW, Bell C, Jones MC, Farquharson B, Allan JL, Schofield P, Ricketts I & Johnston M (2016) Stressors, Appraisal of Stressors, Experienced Stress and Cardiac Response: A Real-Time, Real-Life Investigation of Work Stress in Nurses, Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 50 (2), pp. 187-197.-
dc.rightsCopyright The Authors 2015. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.-
dc.subjectDemand-control modelen_UK
dc.subjectEffort-reward imbalanceen_UK
dc.subjectOccupational stressen_UK
dc.subjectHeart rateen_UK
dc.subjectEcological momentary assessmenten_UK
dc.titleStressors, Appraisal of Stressors, Experienced Stress and Cardiac Response: A Real-Time, Real-Life Investigation of Work Stress in Nursesen_UK
dc.typeJournal Articleen_UK
dc.citation.jtitleAnnals of Behavioral Medicine-
dc.type.statusPublisher version (final published refereed version)-
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Aberdeen-
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Aberdeen-
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Dundee-
dc.contributor.affiliationHS UG Regulated - Stirling-
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Aberdeen-
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Greenwich-
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Dundee-
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Aberdeen-
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Health Sciences and Sport Journal Articles

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