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Appears in Collections:Management, Work and Organisation Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Position, possession or process? Understanding objective and subjective employability during university-to-work transitions
Author(s): Okay-Somerville, Belgin
Scholarios, Dora
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Keywords: university graduates
university employability
university-to-work transitions
career self-management
Issue Date: 2017
Citation: Okay-Somerville B & Scholarios D (2017) Position, possession or process? Understanding objective and subjective employability during university-to-work transitions. Studies in Higher Education, 42 (7), pp. 1275-1291.
Abstract: This article aims to understand predictors of objective (i.e. job offers, employment status and employment quality) and subjective (i.e. perceived) graduate employability during university-to-work transitions. Using survey data from two cohorts of graduates in the UK (N = 293), it contrasts three competing theoretical approaches to employability: position (based on social background), possession (of human capital) and process (of career self-management (CSM)). Findings support the process view of graduate employability, developed through engaging in CSM, in particular environment exploration, networking and guidance seeking. There is also some support for a possession view where educational credentials predict employment quality and perceived employability. Theoretically, the study highlights the importance of proactive career behaviours as well as the constraining role of educational credentials for some during university-to-work transitions. These findings have practical implications for university students/graduates and career counsellors, and, more indirectly, for employers and policy-makers.
DOI Link: 10.1080/03075079.2015.1091813
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