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Appears in Collections:History and Politics Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Why a British referendum on EU membership will not solve the Europe Question
Author(s): Glencross, Andrew
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Keywords: referendum
European Union
United Kingdom
Issue Date: Mar-2015
Date Deposited: 10-Mar-2015
Citation: Glencross A (2015) Why a British referendum on EU membership will not solve the Europe Question. International Affairs, 91 (2), pp. 303-317.
Abstract: This article scrutinizes the merits of holding a referendum over UK membership of the EU. It queries the assumption that direct democracy can somehow resolve the longstanding Europe question in British politics. To do this, the analysis traces the existence of an exceptionalist approach to the EU within Britain, now associated with re-negotiating UK membership in the shadow of a referendum. The article argues that the prospects for a radical reconfiguration of the UK's treaty obligations are slim, thereby increasing the risk of a vote to withdraw. Yet withdrawal would be the opposite of a simple solution to the Europe question. Political and economic interests dictate lengthy politicking over a highly complex post-Brexit settlement revisiting free movement of goods, services, capital, and people. Such negotiations undermine any mooted cathartic benefits of a popular vote, while Eurosceptics will remain dissatisfied in the event of a yes, a result likely to further destabilize the Conservative Party. Consequently, the simplicity and decisiveness that a referendum - particularly one that spurns the EU - promises is merely a mirage as relations with the EU necessarily form part of an enduring British political conversation.
DOI Link: 10.1111/1468-2346.12236
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