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Appears in Collections:Faculty of Health Sciences and Sport Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Development and validation of a military training mental toughness inventory
Author(s): Arthur, Calum A
Fitzwater, James
Hardy, Lew
Beattie, Stuart J
Bell, James
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Keywords: mental toughness
Issue Date: Jul-2015
Date Deposited: 10-Mar-2015
Citation: Arthur CA, Fitzwater J, Hardy L, Beattie SJ & Bell J (2015) Development and validation of a military training mental toughness inventory. Military Psychology, 27 (4), pp. 232-241.
Abstract: Three studies were conducted in order to develop and validate a mental toughness instrument for use in military training environments. Study 1 (n = 435) focused on item generation and testing the structural integrity of the Military Training Mental Toughness Inventory (MTMTI). The measure assessed ability to maintain optimal performance under pressure from a range of different stressors experienced by recruits during infantry basic training. Study 2 (n = 104) examined the concurrent validity, predictive validity, and test-retest reliability of the measure. Study 3 (n = 106) confirmed the predictive validity of the measure with a sample of more specialized infantry recruits. Overall, the military training mental toughness inventory demonstrated sound psychometric properties and structural validity. Furthermore, it was found to possess good test-retest reliability, concurrent validity, and predicted performance in two different training contexts with two separate samples.
DOI Link: 10.1037/mil0000074
Rights: Publisher allows this work to be made available in this repository. Published by Military Psychology, Vol 27(4), Jul 2015, 232-241 with the following policy: Authors of articles published in APA journals may post a copy of the final manuscript, as accepted for publication, as a word processing file, on their personal website, their employer's server, or in their institution's repository after it is accepted for publication. The published version can be found at:

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