Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/21401
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dc.contributor.authorRascle, Olivieren_UK
dc.contributor.authorLe Foll, Daviden_UK
dc.contributor.authorCharrier, Maximeen_UK
dc.contributor.authorHiggins, Nancyen_UK
dc.contributor.authorRees, Timen_UK
dc.contributor.authorCoffee, Peteen_UK
dc.date.accessioned2016-08-30T00:19:57Z-
dc.date.available2016-08-30T00:19:57Z-
dc.date.issued2015-05en_UK
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1893/21401-
dc.description.abstractObjective: This experiment investigated, following perceived failure, the immediate, long-term (i.e., durability), and cross-situational (i.e., generalization) effects of attribution-based feedback on expectations and behavioral persistence. Design: We used a 3×2 (Group×Time) experimental design over seven weeks with attributions, expectations of success, and persistence as dependent measures. Method: 49 novice participants were randomly assigned to one of three treatment (attributional feedback) groups: (a) functional (i.e., controllable and unstable); (b) dysfunctional (i.e., uncontrollable and stable); or (c) no feedback. Testing involved three sessions, in which participants completed a total of five trials across two performance tasks (golf-putting and dart-throwing). In order to track whether the attributional manipulation conducted within the context of the golf-putting task in Session 2 would generalize to a new situation, participants performed a dart-throwing task in Session 3, and their scores were compared with those recorded at baseline (in Session 1). Results: Analysis of pre- and post-intervention measures of attributions, expectations, and persistence revealed that the functional attributional feedback led to more personally controllable attributions following failure in a golf-putting task, together with increases in success expectations and persistence. In contrast, dysfunctional attributional feedback led to more personally uncontrollable and stable attributions following failure, together with lower success expectations and reduced persistence. These effects extended beyond the intervention period, were present up to four weeks post intervention, and were maintained even when participants performed a different (i.e., dart-throwing) task. Conclusions: The findings demonstrate that attributional feedback effects are durable over time and generalize across situations.en_UK
dc.language.isoenen_UK
dc.publisherElsevieren_UK
dc.relationRascle O, Le Foll D, Charrier M, Higgins N, Rees T & Coffee P (2015) Durability and Generalization of Attribution-Based Feedback Following Failure: Effects on Expectations and Behavioral Persistence. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 18, pp. 68-74. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychsport.2015.01.003.en_UK
dc.rightsPublished in Psychology of Sport and Exercise by Elsevier; Elsevier believes that individual authors should be able to distribute their AAMs for their personal voluntary needs and interests, e.g. posting to their websites or their institution’s repository, e-mailing to colleagues. However, our policies differ regarding the systematic aggregation or distribution of AAMs to ensure the sustainability of the journals to which AAMs are submitted. Therefore, deposit in, or posting to, subject-oriented or centralized repositories (such as PubMed Central), or institutional repositories with systematic posting mandates is permitted only under specific agreements between Elsevier and the repository, agency or institution, and only consistent with the publisher’s policies concerning such repositories. Voluntary posting of AAMs in the arXiv subject repository is permitted.en_UK
dc.subjectSport psychologyen_UK
dc.subjectAttributional feedbacken_UK
dc.subjectFunctional/dysfunctional attributionsen_UK
dc.titleDurability and Generalization of Attribution-Based Feedback Following Failure: Effects on Expectations and Behavioral Persistenceen_UK
dc.typeJournal Articleen_UK
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.psychsport.2015.01.003en_UK
dc.citation.jtitlePsychology of Sport and Exerciseen_UK
dc.citation.issn1469-0292en_UK
dc.citation.volume18en_UK
dc.citation.spage68en_UK
dc.citation.epage74en_UK
dc.citation.publicationstatusPublisheden_UK
dc.citation.peerreviewedRefereeden_UK
dc.type.statusAM - Accepted Manuscripten_UK
dc.author.emailpeter.coffee@stir.ac.uken_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Rennes 2 - Upper Brittanyen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Rennes 2 - Upper Brittanyen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Rennes 2 - Upper Brittanyen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of St Thomasen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Exeteren_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationSporten_UK
dc.identifier.isi000352251400009en_UK
dc.identifier.scopusid2-s2.0-84922381997en_UK
dc.identifier.wtid606777en_UK
dc.contributor.orcid0000-0002-1055-0052en_UK
dc.date.firstcompliantdepositdate2015-01-23en_UK
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Health Sciences and Sport Journal Articles

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